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Table 2 Gender and Age Distribution of Patients on HAART in Selected Southern Africa

From: Gender distribution of adult patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Southern Africa: a systematic review

Country Authors Period Study Site Number of patients on ARVs Males (%) Females (%) Female :ratio Mean/Median Age in Yrs
Botswana Ndwapi et al [15] 2002 Gaberone 306 135 (44%) 171 (56%) 1.3 36.8
  Wester et al [16] 1999–2004 Gaberone 153 62 (41%) 91 (59%) 1.5 36
  Bisson et al [17] 1999–2004 Gaberone 305 129 (42%) 175 (58%) 1.4 37
Malawi Hosseinipour et al [18] 2003 Lilongwe 141 67 (48%) 74 (52%) 1.1 38.5
  van Oosterhaut et al [19] 2003 Blantyre 176 80 (40%) 96 (55) 1.2 39
  Zachariah et al [20] 2003–05 Thyolo 1634 572 (35%) 1062 (65) 1.9 33
  Ferradini et al [21] 2001–03 Chiradzulu 1308 481 (36%) 827 (64%) 1.7 34.9
  Hosseinipour et al [22] 2001–03 Lilongwe 625 376 (51.5%) 354 (48.5) 0.9 38
  Bonnet et al [23] 2001–03 Chiradzulu 1033 367 (35.5%) 666 (64.5%) 1.8 35
  Libamba et al [24] 2001–05 Malawi 13183 5274 (40%) 7909 (60%) 1.5 Not specified
  Phiri and Boxshall [25] 2001–05 Malawi 35841 14819 (35.6%) 23021 (64.4%) 1.6 33
  Malawi MoH [26] 2001–06 National 46,702 18213 (39%) 28,488(61%) 1.6 Not specified
Mozambique Palombi et al [27] 2002–3 Machava 802 292 (36.4%) 510 (63.6%) 1.7 Not specified
South Africa Stewart & oveday [28] 1999–04 National 8149 2824 (35%) 5325 (65%) 1.9 Not specified
  Coetzee et al [29] 2001–2 Khayelitsha 287 86 (30%) 201 (70%) 2.3 Not specified
  Hassan and Bosch [30] 2001–04 Eastern Cape 4147 1499 (36.1%) 2648 (63.9%) 1.8 Not specified
  Hassan and Bosch [30] 2001–05 Northern Cape 3156 1005 (31.8%) 2151 (68.2%) 1.5 Not specified
Swaziland Ericsdotter [31] 2003–05 Mbabane 4800 2688 (56%) 2112 (44%) 0.8 Not specified
Tanzania TACAIDS [32] 2004–6 National 12000 < 50% > 50% > 1 Not specified
Zambia Stringer et al [33] 2004–05 Lusaka 21755 8109 (37%) 13646 (63%) 1.7 35
  Sinkala et al [34] 2004–05 Lusaka 22121 11691 (51.7%) 10691 (48.3%) 1.1 35
  Ministry of Health [35] 2002–05 National 3982 1638 (41%) 2344 (59%) 1.4 not specified