|Risk scenario||Average Years of Life Lost (YOLL)||Notes|
Male doctor who is a lifetime smoker compared to non-smoker.
|10||Ref. . Average smoking habit: 18 a day from age 18.|
White male aged 35 who is obese (BMI = 30.0–39.9) or severely obese (BMI >40): risk relative to BMI = 24.
|Ref. . There is controversy over the BMI-mortality relationship (see text). However, increased mortality at BMI > 30 has been observed in a number of studies, though there is uncertainty in excess mortality rate and hence YOLL.|
Atomic bomb survivor who was in the most exposed group: within 1500 metres of the hypocentre. Shielded whole body kerma > 1 Gy, mean 2.25 Gy.
|Ref. . Only represents YOLL of bomb survivors. Few people close to the hypocentre survived the combination of blast effects, burns and ARS.|