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Table 5 Effects of ACEs by race on standardized mental health outcomes with significant race differences

From: Adverse childhood experiences and mental health in young adults: a longitudinal survey

ACE White Black Hispanic
  b. s.e. b. s.e. b. s.e.
Depression       
   Witness injury/murder .565* .124 .004 .156 .289 .230
Drug Use       
   Sent away from home 1.06* .187 .163 .362 .027 .424
   Parent drink/drug problem .480* .116 -.066 .220 -.098 .340
   Threatened/captive .705* .141 .066 .314 -.122 .313
   Sum of ACEs .224* .029 .029 .054 .048 .083
Antisocial Behavior       
   Parent unemployed .318* .110 -.212 .163 .096 .262
   Parent drink/drug problem .492* .112 -.006 .212 -.199 .296
   Witnessed injury/murder .743* .123 .414* .155 .053 .228
  1. *p < .05
  2. Only significant race/ethnic differences are presented. All models include controls for main effects of race/ethnicity, gender, and parents' SES.
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