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Table 3 Individual and cumulative effects of ACEs on standardized mental health outcomes

From: Adverse childhood experiences and mental health in young adults: a longitudinal survey

ACE CESD Drug Use Antisocial Behavior
  b. s.e. b. s.e. b. s.e.
Parents separated .126 .067 .135* .068 .071 .067
Sent away from home .602* .135 .808* .138 .984* .133
Parent unemployed .134 .079 .180* .080 .164* .079
Parent drink/drug problem .402* .086 .332* .088 .377* .086
Witnessed injury/murder .275* .081 .329* .083 .542* .080
Sex abuse/assault .698* .120 .441* .123 .291* .122
Physically assaulted .562* .114 .627* .117 .732* .113
Physically abused .450* .149 .278 .153 .443* .150
Seriously neglected .520* .189 .401* .189 .306 .190
Threatened/captive .435* .103 .524* .107 .333* .104
Any ACE .260* .061 .267* .062 .219* .062
Sum of ACEs .158* .021 .165* .022 .168* .021
  1. *p < .05
  2. Each model includes as predictors only 1 ACE and includes controls for the effects of gender, race, and parents' SES.
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