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Table 3 Odds ratios (and 99% CIs) of a female excess of each measure of poor health – unadjusted, and after controlling for all factors separately and in combination.

From: Explanations for female excess psychosomatic symptoms in adolescence: evidence from a school-based cohort in the West of Scotland

  headache stomach, sick dizzy, faint depressive mood
(N) (2003) (1999) (1999) (2005)
UNADJUSTED     
OR (95% CIs) 2.39 (1.84–3.12) 3.22 (2.50–4.16) 1.69 (1.31–2.17) 2.75 (1.87–4.03)
ADJUSTED FOR ...     
self-esteem score     
OR (95% CIs) 2.19 (1.66–2.89) 2.84 (2.18–3.71) 1.43 (1.10–1.86) 1.64 (1.09–2.47)
% female excess explained 14% 17% 38% 63%
worried about putting on weight     
OR (95% CIs) 2.10 (1.55–2.83) 2.76 (2.07–3.67) 1.38 (1.04–1.84) 1.83 (1.19–2.81)
% female excess explained 21% 21% 45% 53%
current smoking     
OR (95% CIs) 2.33 (1.78–3.04) 3.15 (2.44–4.07) 1.65 (1.29–2.13) 2.64 (1.80–3.88)
% female excess explained 4% 3% 6% 6%
physical activity score     
OR (95% CIs) 2.28 (1.74–2.99) 3.07 (2.36–3.99)   2.49 (1.68–3.69)
% female excess explained 8% 7%   15%
ALL ABOVE VARIABLES     
OR (95% CIs) 1.88 (1.38–2.57) 2.44 (1.81–3.27) 1.23 (0.92–1.65) 1.20 (0.75–1.92)
% female excess explained 37% 35% 67% 89%