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Table 2 Univariate associations, expressed as odds ratios (and 99% CIs) between each measure of poor health and each potential explanatory factor.

From: Explanations for female excess psychosomatic symptoms in adolescence: evidence from a school-based cohort in the West of Scotland

  headache stomach, sick dizzy, faint depressive mood
(N) (2003) (1999) (1999) (2005)
self-esteem score # 0.76 (0.67–0.87) 0.69 (0.60–0.78) 0.72 (0.63–0.82) 0.37 (0.30–0.45)
worried about putting on weight ~ 1.88 (1.44–2.44) 2.23 (1.74–2.86) 1.78 (1.39–2.29) 3.17 (2.16–4.66)
masculinity score # 0.96 (0.85–1.09) 0.95 (0.84–1.07) 0.99 (0.87–1.12) 0.89 (0.75–1.07)
femininity score # 1.08 (0.95–1.23) 1.03 (0.92–1.17) 1.02 (0.90–1.16) 1.14 (0.96–1.36)
BMI # 1.11 (0.97–1.27) 1.05 (0.93–1.19) 1.01 (0.89–1.15) 1.01 (0.85–1.21)
current smoking ~ 1.75 (1.26–2.42) 1.62 (1.21–2.19) 1.40 (1.05–1.85) 1.87 (1.28–2.72)
physical activity score # 0.82 (0.72–0.93) 0.80 (0.70–0.90) 0.93 (0.82–1.05) 0.73 (0.60–0.88)
  1. # = O.R. in respect of SD increase.
  2. ~ = O.R. in respect of worried (Vs not worried)/current smoker (Vs non-smoker)