Skip to main content

Table 1 Sex differences in each measure of poor health and each potential explanatory factor.

From: Explanations for female excess psychosomatic symptoms in adolescence: evidence from a school-based cohort in the West of Scotland

  males females   (sig)
(N) (1023) (982)   
HEALTH MEASURES     
headache 62.9% 80.2% χ2 = 73.7 (.000)
stomach, sick 52.1% 77.8% χ2 = 144.5 (.000)
dizzy, faint 25.9% 37.1% χ2 = 29.3 (.000)
depressive mood 7.0% 17.2% χ2 = 49.0 (.000)
POTENTIAL EXPLANATORY FACTORS     
self-esteem (z-score) .30 -.32 F = 214.3 (.000)
worried about putting on weight 22.9% 70.8% χ2 = 462.3 (.000)
masculinity (z-score) .20 -.21 F = 90.3 (.000)
femininity (z-score) -.17 .17 F = 59.2 (.000)
BMI (z-score) -.13 .14 F = 37.8 (.000)
current smoking 20.0% 27.7% χ2 = 16.2 (.000)
physical activity (z-score) .23 -.24 F = 122.2 (.000)