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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) of reporting poor health for male and female respondents.

From: Perceptions of the neighbourhood environment and self rated health: a multilevel analysis of the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Study

  Male Female
  OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Model 1: Socio-demographics (1)       
Age 1.02 1.02–1.03 <0.001 1.02 1.02–1.03 <0.001
Social class (I & II)       
III NM 1.03 0.79–1.34 0.834 1.05 0.88–1.25 0.610
III M 1.41 1.17–1.69 <0.001 1.19 0.93–1.52 0.159
IV & V 1.56 1.27–1.91 <0.001 1.29 1.08–1.54 0.005
Other 1.22 0.79–1.89 0.358 1.51 1.15–1.98 0.003
Employment status (employed)       
Unemployed 1.79 1.27–2.53 <0.001 1.00 0.62–1.62 0.984
Retired 2.44 1.97–3.03 <0.001 2.26 1.87–2.75 <0.001
Disabled 20.92 16.07–27.24 <0.001 17.59 13.83–22.37 <0.001
Other 1.53 1.04–2.25 0.032 1.48 1.22–1.81 <0.001
Household tenure (homeowner)       
Non-homeowner 1.57 1.30–1.89 <0.001 1.57 1.34–1.84 <0.001
Model 2b: Adjusted for socio-demographics (2 3)       
Access to amenities 1.10 1.03–1.18 0.007 1.09 1.03–1.16 0.003
Neighbourhood quality 1.20 1.12–1.29 <0.001 1.17 1.09–1.24 <0.001
Neighbourhood disorder 1.12 1.05–1.21 0.001 1.11 1.04–1.18 0.002
Social cohesion 1.05 0.97–1.13 0.221 1.12 1.06–1.19 <0.001
Deprivation 1.21 1.11–1.31 <0.001 1.16 1.08–1.24 <0.001
  1. (1) Reference groups are given in brackets.
  2. (2) The neighbourhood measures were included as z-scores, with higher values representing a more negative evaluation.
  3. (3) The odds ratios are expressed for each SD increase.