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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) of reporting poor health

From: Perceptions of the neighbourhood environment and self rated health: a multilevel analysis of the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Study

  OR 95% CI p
Model 1: Socio-demographics (1)    
Gender (female)    
Male 1.10 0.99–1.21 0.075
Age 1.02 1.02–1.03 <0.001
Social class (I & II)    
III NM 1.07 0.93–1.24 0.352
III M 1.32 1.15–1.52 <0.001
IV & V 1.40 1.23–1.60 <0.001
Other 1.46 1.16–1.83 0.001
Employment status (employed)    
Unemployed 1.45 1.10–1.90 0.008
Retired 2.32 2.01–2.68 <0.001
Disabled 18.55 15.56–22.11 <0.001
Other 1.51 1.27–1.80 <0.001
Household tenure (Homeowner)    
Non-homeowner 1.57 1.39–1.76 <0.001
Model 2a: Unadjusted (2 3)    
Access to amenities 1.13 1.08–1.19 <0.001
Neighbourhood quality 1.33 1.27–1.39 <0.001
Neighbourhood disorder 1.25 1.19–1.32 <0.001
Social cohesion 1.14 1.08–1.20 <0.001
Deprivation 1.35 1.29–1.42 <0.001
Model 2b: Adjusted for socio-demographics (2 3)    
Access to amenities 1.10 1.04–1.15 <0.001
Neighbourhood quality 1.20 1.14–1.26 <0.001
Neighbourhood disorder 1.13 1.07–1.19 <0.001
Social cohesion 1.09 1.04–1.14 <0.001
Deprivation 1.19 1.13–1.25 <0.001
Model 2c: Adjusted for socio-demographics and deprivation (23)    
Access to amenities 1.07 1.02–1.12 0.004
Neighbourhood quality 1.13 1.07–1.20 <0.001
Neighbourhood disorder 1.05 1.00–1.11 0.059
Social cohesion 1.04 0.99–1.09 0.110
  1. (1) Reference groups are given in brackets.
  2. (2) The neighbourhood measures were included as z-scores, with higher values representing a more negative evaluation.
  3. (3) The odds ratios are expressed for each SD increase.