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Table 3 Proportion of respondents with risk factors and by diabetes group

From: Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors in a national survey in the US population: SHIELD (Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes)

   Type 1 Type 2   
Risk Factor Population Sample Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus 0–2 RFs 3–5 RFs
  (n = 600) (n = 368) (n = 3,898) (n = 5,295) (n = 5,400)
Men, % 38.7% 38.9% 42.3% 34.5% 43.1%
Abdominal Obesity 41.8% 44.9% 86.6% 48.0% 95.9%
18–44 years 35.4% 44.0% 88.3% 50.9% 97.8%
45–64 years 43.0% 46.0% 88.6% 44.7% 96.8%
≥ 65 years 53.6% 50.0% 83.4% 47.1% 93.8%
BMI ≥28 kg/m2 34.7% 36.7% 76.3% 35.7% 88.0%
18–44 years 32.9% 38.5% 87.3% 42.9% 95.9%
45–64 years 38.9% 34.4% 82.8% 33.4% 92.7%
≥ 65 years 29.1% 25.0% 64.2% 19.9% 79.0%
Dyslipidemia 26.3% 43.5% 72.7% 19.6% 81.2%
18–44 years 12.6% 40.9% 60.2% 9.7% 74.5%
45–64 years 33.2% 46.1% 74.6% 26.9% 80.1%
≥ 65 years 41.8% 75.0% 74.5% 32.0% 85.5%
Hypertension 20.8% 30.4% 67.6% 12.6% 76.2%
18–44 years 7.3% 24.1% 47.8% 4.0% 60.9%
45–64 years 26.6% 39.8% 68.2% 15.1% 76.3%
≥ 65 years 38.2% 62.5% 73.2% 32.0% 83.5%
Cardiovascular      
Event 7.5% 16.0% 30.2% 3.8% 36.7%
18–44 years 1.2% 8.2% 11.7% 1.9% 14.2%
45–64 years 5.7% 25.8% 25.6% 3.0% 28.0%
≥ 65 years 25.5% 87.5% 42.0% 11.5% 58.2%
Number of Risk      
Factors      
0–2 risk factors 80.1% 67.2% 21.7% 100% 0%
3–5 risk factors 19.9% 32.8% 78.3% 0% 100%
Mean (SD) 1.3 (1.3) 1.7 (1.5) 3.3 (1.2) 1.2 (0.8) 3.8 (0.7)
  1. BMI = body mass index