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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of risk factors associated with being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus

From: Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors in a national survey in the US population: SHIELD (Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes)

Risk Factors    
  Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval P value
Abdominal Obesity 3.50 [3.31, 3.71] <.0001
BMI ≥28 kg/m2 4.04 [3.83, 4.27] <.0001
Diagnosed Dyslipidemia 3.95 [3.75, 4.15] <.0001
Diagnosed Hypertension 4.82 [4.58, 5.07] <.0001
History of Cardiovascular event 3.38 [3.19, 3.58] <.0001
Demographic Variables    
Male Gender 1.18 [1.13, 1.24] <.0001
Age (10-year increase) 1.35 [1.33, 1.37] <.0001
Race    <.0001
   Black/African American 1.67 [1.53, 1.82]  
   Asian/Pacific Islander 0.82 [0.63, 1.05]  
   American Indian/Eskimo 1.33 [1.00, 1.77]  
   Other 0.84 [0.66, 1.06]  
Ethnicity    <.0001
   Not Spanish/Hispanic 1.00   
   Spanish/Hispanic 0.98 [0.85, 1.14]  
Household Income ($)    <.0001
   < 22,500 2.59 [2.39, 2.80]  
   22,500–39,999 1.84 [1.69, 2.00]  
   40,000–59,999 1.49 [1.36, 1.62]  
   60,000–89,999 1.35 [1.23, 1.47]  
Household Size    <.0001
   1 Member 2.30 [2.06, 2.57]  
   2 Members 1.99 [1.79, 2.21]  
   3 Members 1.49 [1.33, 1.67]  
   4 Members 1.06 [0.94, 1.20]  
Household Area Population Size    <.0001
   <100,000 1.18 [1.10, 1.27]  
   100,000–499,999 1.11 [1.03, 1.19  
   500,000–1,999,999 1.09 [1.03, 1.17]  
Census Region    <.0001
   New England 1.09 [0.96, 1.14]  
   Middle Atlantic 1.06 [0.96, 1.16]  
   East North Central 1.08 [0.98, 1.18]  
   West North Central 0.99 [0.88, 1.12]  
   South Atlantic 1.25 [1.15, 1.37]  
   East South Central 1.28 [1.14, 1.44]  
   West South Central 1.25 [1.13, 1.38]  
   Mountain 0.92 [0.82, 1.05]  
  1. Reference groups: Gender = female; Race = White; Spanish = Not Spanish; Region = Pacific; HH income = $90,000+; HH size = 5+; HH Area Population size = 2,000,000+.
  2. Age was entered as a continuous variable.
  3. BMI = body mass index; HH = household