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Table 4 Agreement between Audit and Questionnaire findings for health promotion delivered

From: A comparison of patients' perceptions and an audit of health promotion practice within a UK hospital

  Health Promotion Delivery Identified Kappa statistic (95% CI) Strength of agreement Total agreement False positive (95% CI) False negative (95% CI)
SMOKING        
(based on identified need)* Audit       
Questionnaire Yes No Totals     
Yes 7 6 13 NS 65% 61.5% 24%
No 8 19 27    (NA) (9–45%)
Totals 15 25 40     
ALCOHOL        
(based on identified need)* Audit       
Questionnaire Yes No Totals     
Yes 6 2 8 0.50 (0.13 – 0.88) 77.8% 40.0% 11.8%
No 4 15 19 Moderate   (NA) (NA)
Totals 10 17 27     
DIET        
  Audit       
Questionnaire Yes No Totals     
Yes 4 25 29 NS 79.8% 71.4% 15.7%
No 10 134 144    (NA) (10–22%)
Totals 14 159 173     
EXERCISE        
  Audit       
Questionnaire Yes No Totals     
Yes 4 29 33 0.17 (0.07 – 0.26) 82.6% 20.0% 17.4%
No 1 138 139 Poor   (NA) (12–24%)
Totals 5 167 172     
  1. * Identified need determined by audit findings as opposed to questionnaire findings. NS: P value for Kappa statistic was not significant, indicating that agreement was not different from chance. NA: 95% CI not applicable as sample size too small.