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Table 3 Socio-demographic and Risk Characteristics by Types of Non-Retention

From: Recruitment and retention of low-income minority women in a behavioral intervention to reduce smoking, depression, and intimate partner violence during pregnancy

Socio-Demographic & Risk Characteristics Lost-to-follow-up Dropped-out/withdrew Significance Level
Socio-demographic characteristics
Maternal age 23.3 ± 5.0 25.9 ± 5.3 < 0.01
Educational level:    
   Below high school 43 (34.7%) 15 (27.3%) 0.01
   High school graduate/GED 62 (50.0%) 21 (38.2%)  
   Some college 19 (15.3%) 19 (34.5%)  
Relationship status:    
   Single/separated/widowed/divorced 108 (87.1%) 26 (47.3%) < 0.01
   Married/Living with a partner 16 (12.9%) 29 (52.7%)  
Employed 38 (30.6%) 26 (47.3%) 0.04
Number of Children < 18 living with her 1.31 ± 1.32 1.33 ± 1.41 0.93
Receives medicaid 104 (83.9%) 36 (65.5%) < 0.01
Gestational age at recruitment (weeks) 19.4 ± 7.1 18.5 ± 6.7 0.42
Alcohol use during pregnancy 24 (19.4%) 13 (23.6%) 0.55
Drug use during pregnancy 17 (13.7%) 10 (18.2%) 0.50
A-CASI screening risk results
Active smoking 25 (20.2%) 8 (14.5%) 0.41
Environmental tobacco smoking (ETSE) 96 (77.4%) 38 (69.1%) 0.26
Depression 59 (47.6%) 19 (34.5%) 0.14
Intimate partner violence (IPV) 37 (29.8%) 15 (27.3%) 0.86
Baseline interview risk results
Active smoking 60 (48.4%) 36 (65.5%) 0.04
Environmental tobacco smoking (ETSE) 105 (84.7%) 42 (76.4%) 0.21
Depression 48 (38.7%) 14 (25.5%) 0.09
Intimate partner violence (IPV) 31 (25.0%) 7 (12.7%) 0.08
Care group
   Intervention 52 (41.9%) 38 (69.1%) < 0.01
   Usual care 72 (58.1%) 17 (30.9%)