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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population with percentage of the participants who are active during leisure time for each characteristic

From: Acculturation does not necessarily lead to increased physical activity during leisure time: a cross-sectional study among Turkish young people in the Netherlands

  Total number of participants
N = 485
n (%)
Physically in-active participants
n (%)
Physically active participants
n (%)
Sex    
   Men 236 (48.7) 87 (40.3) 149 (55.4)*
   Women 249 (51.3) 129 (59.7) 120 (44.6)
Age    
   15–19 years 221 (45.6) 99 (45.8) 122 (45.4)
   20–24 years 113 (23.3) 44 (20.4) 69 (25.7)
   25–30 years 151 (31.1) 73 (33.8) 78 (29.0)
Mean age (sd) 21.6 (5.0) 21.8 (5.2) 21.5 (4.8)
Country of birth    
   Born in Turkey 212 (43.7) 105 (48.6) 107 (39.8)*
   Born in the Netherlands 273 (56.3) 111 (51.4) 162 (60.2)
Marital status    
   Married or cohabiting 167 (34.4) 89 (41.2) 78 (29.0)*
   Not married/not cohabiting 318 (65.6) 127 (58.8) 191 (71.0)
Educational level    
   Low 226 (46.6) 107 (49.5) 119 (44.2)
   Moderate to high 259 (53.4) 109 (50.5) 150 (55.8)
Acculturation indicators a    
Cultural orientation    
   Low 304 (65.8) 151 (72.2) 153 (60.5)*
   High 158 (34.2) 58 (27.8) 100 (39.5)
Social contacts with ethnic Dutch    
   Few 346 (72.2) 169 (79.0) 177 (66.8)*
   Many 133 (27.8) 45 (21.0) 88 (33.2)
Contextual barriers    
Neighbourhood environment a    
   Attractive neighbourhood 299 (64.7) 120 (58.5) 179 (69.6)*
   Less attractive neighbourhood 163 (35.3) 85 (41.5) 78 (30.4)
Children under 16    
   Having no children 322 (66.4) 134 (62.0) 188 (69.9)*
   One or more children living at home 163 (33.6) 82 (38.0) 81 (30.1)
Occupational physical activity a    
   No activity at work 345 (83.9) 204 (94.4) 241 (89.6)*
   Activity at work 66 (16.1) 12 (5.6) 28 (10.4)
Overall measure of contextual barriers b    
   Exercise-supportive (no barriers) 197 (40.6) 73 (34.9) 116 (44.3)*
   Exercise-inhibiting (≥1 barrier) 288 (59.4) 136 (65.1) 146 (55.7)
Physical activity during leisure time    
   Physically active (≥ once a week) 269 (55.5)   
   Physically inactive 216 (44.5)   
  1. a Numbers do not add up to total number of sample due to missing data.
  2. b When none of the three barriers (children, less attractive neighbourhood, occupational physical activity) were present, people were categorized as living in an exercise-supportive context. When one or more barriers were present, people were categorized as living in an exercise-inhibiting context.
  3. * P-value < .05