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Table 2 Prevalence of IDF-defined metabolic syndrome and its components in sex and age groups

From: Age-specific prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation and the National Cholesterol Education Program: the Norwegian HUNT 2 study

   IDF-defined metabolic syndrome Obligate criterion Additional criteria
    Central obesity1 Hyper-triglyceridaemia2 Low HDL chol-esterol3 High blood pressure4 or medication use High plasma glucose5 or type 2 diabetes
  N % (95% CI) % % % % %
Men        
   20–29 yr 808 11.0
(8.9 – 13.2)
20.8 19.8 28.5 59.8 13.6
   30–39 yr 966 20.9
(18.3 – 23.5)
34.1 29.9 27.4 58.5 22.8
   40–49 yr 1065 27.6
(24.9 – 30.3)
40.9 38.7 30.9 69.4 28.8
   50–59 yr 848 32.7
(29.5 – 35.8)
48.2 35.1 24.5 77.9 37.4
   60–69 yr 665 41.7
(37.9 – 45.4)
55.2 37.0 26.9 87.1 46.9
   70–79 yr 569 44.8
(40.7 – 48.9)
56.8 36.6 31.1 90.7 52.9
   80–89 yr 180 47.2
(39.9 – 54.5)
62.2 40.0 31.1 93.3 57.2
   20–89 yr 5101 29.0
(27.7 – 30.2)
42.0 33.3 28.3 72.8 32.7
Women        
   20–29 yr 807 9.2
(7.2 – 11.2)
30.5 7.6 28.4 21.8 8.6
   30–39 yr 877 14.1
(11.8 – 16.4)
39.0 10.6 27.5 29.4 14.1
   40–49 yr 1014 21.8
(19.3 – 24.3)
48.7 17.3 25.7 47.7 21.1
   50–59 yr 862 30.0
(27.0 – 33.1)
56.5 22.5 21.3 70.5 30.2
   60–69 yr 645 49.0
(45.1 – 52.9)
70.7 34.7 26.7 86.7 45.6
   70–79 yr 661 60.4
(56.6 – 64.1)
77.8 40.5 31.3 94.1 52.6
   80–89 yr 239 64.4
(58.4 – 70.5)
78.7 44.4 38.1 93.7 58.6
   20–89 yr 5105 30.3
(29.0 – 31.6)
53.4 22.0 27.1 57.4 28.4
  1. IDF, the International Diabetes Federation; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; CI, confidence interval.
  2. 1Waist circumference ≥94 cm in men, ≥80 cm in women.
  3. 2Triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L.
  4. 3HDL cholesterol <1.03 mmol/L in men, <1.29 mmol/L in women.
  5. 4Systolic blood pressure ≥130 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mm Hg.
  6. 5Plasma glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L.