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Table 5 Associations of non-exercise domains with socio-demographic and behavioral factors, health status, and energy intake, SWHS, 1997–2000

From: Patterns and correlates of physical activity: a cross-sectional study in urban Chinese women

  Fully adjusted OR and 99% CI*
  Transportation Daily activity Housework
I. Socio-demographic
Age
   40–44 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   45–49 0.95 0.91, 1.00 0.93 0.89, 0.98 1.00 0.96, 1.05
   50–54 0.90 0.84, 0.97 1.05 0.99, 1.12 1.21 1.14, 1.29
   55–59 0.90 0.80, 1.01 1.11 1.01, 1.21 1.35 1.24, 1.46
   60–64 0.80 0.69, 0.92 1.07 0.98, 1.16 1.35 1.23, 1.47
   65–70 0.55 0.45, 0.67 1.02 0.93, 1.11 1.16 1.06, 1.26
BMI (kg/m 2 )
   <24 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   24–27.9 1.08 1.04, 1.14 1.06 1.03, 1.10 1.05 1.02, 1.09
   ≥28 0.99 0.91, 1.07 1.07 1.01, 1.12 1.01 0.96, 1.06
Menopausal status
   Premenopausal 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Postmenopausal 1.00 0.93, 1.07 1.02 0.96, 1.08 0.98 0.92, 1.04
Marital status
   Married 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Widowed 1.26 1.10, 1.43 1.05 0.98, 1.12 0.87 0.82, 0.93
   Separated/Divorced 1.14 1.01, 1.30 0.98 0.89, 1.08 0.91 0.82, 1.00
   Never married 0.82 0.66, 1.03 0.70 0.58, 0.83 0.60 0.50, 0.72
Education
   None/Elementary 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Middle school 0.63 0.56, 0.71 0.93 0.88, 0.98 1.21 1.15, 1.28
   High school 0.48 0.43, 0.54 0.75 0.71, 0.80 0.96 0.90, 1.02
   College and above 0.35 0.31, 0.40 0.53 0.49, 0.57 0.65 0.61, 0.70
Occupation §
   Manual workers 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Clerical 1.13 1.08, 1.20 0.97 0.93, 1.01 0.91 0.87, 0.94
   Professional 0.78 0.73, 0.82 0.79 0.75, 0.83 0.76 0.72, 0.79
Employment status
   Employed    1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Not employed    3.21 3.09, 3.34 2.97 2.86, 3.09
Family income
   Low 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Middle 0.90 0.85, 0.95 0.94 0.90, 0.98 1.01 0.97, 1.05
   High 0.75 0.71, 0.80 0.79 0.76, 0.83 0.93 0.89, 0.97
Family size
   ≥3 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   2 0.88 0.81, 0.96 0.82 0.78, 0.86 0.58 0.56, 0.61
   1 0.73 0.59, 0.91 0.67 0.60, 0.76 0.26 0.23, 0.30
Chronic disease ||
   No 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Yes 0.92 0.87, 0.96 0.96 0.93, 0.99 0.90 0.87, 0.93
II. Behavioral factors
Regular cigarette smoking
   Never 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Ever 1.05 0.87, 1.26 0.87 0.79, 0.96 0.83 0.75, 0.91
Regular alcohol consumption
   Never 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Ever** 1.03 0.89, 1.19 0.99 0.89, 1.10 0.90 0.81, 1.00
Regular tea consumption
   Never 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Ever†† 0.94 0.90, 0.98 0.96 0.93, 1.00 0.92 0.89, 0.95
Regular ginseng intake
   Never 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   Ever‡‡ 0.96 0.92, 1.01 0.95 0.91, 0.98 0.90 0.87, 0.93
TV (hours/day)
   ≤ 2 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent 1.00 Referent
   3–4 0.98 0.93, 1.02 1.04 1.00, 1.07 1.07 1.03, 1.11
   >4 1.02 0.96, 1.09 1.09 1.04, 1.14 1.11 1.06, 1.16
III. Total dietary energy intake (1,000 kcal/day) 1.31 1.25, 1.38 1.38 1.33, 1.50 1.28 1.23, 1.33
  1. * Adjusted for all variables presented in the table; OR: odds ratio, CI: confidence interval
  2. Transportation to/from work; analyses conducted only among those employed at the time of interview
  3. Includes walking and cycling for daily errands (e.g. for shopping, etc)
  4. §Longest job
  5. ||Chronic disease includes: coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, chronic bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, chronic hepatitis, chronic pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus, and cancer
  6. Had smoked at least one cigarette per day for more than 6 months continuously
  7. **Had consumed alcohol at least 3 times per week for more than 6 months continuously
  8. ††Had consumed tea at least 3 times per week for more than 6 months continuously
  9. ‡‡Had consumed ginseng at least 5 times per year during the past 3 years