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Table 4 Diagnoses in measles hospitalizations, by age. Italy 2002–2003.

From: Health burden and economic impact of measles-related hospitalizations in Italy in 2002–2003

  Age group in years   
  <1 1–4 5–9 10–14 15–19 ≥ 20 Total p-value
N. Hospitalizations 343 1216 1160 759 571 1105 5154  
Non-complicated measles (%) 150 (43.7) 506 (41.6) 486 (41.9) 375 (49.4) 315 (55.2) 558 (50.5) 2390 (46.4) <0.001
Pneumonia (%) 48 (14.0) 198 (16.3) 176 (15.2) 60 (7.9) 34 (5.9) 78 (7.0) 594 (11.5) <0.001
Other respiratory tract complications (%) 49 (14.3) 144 (11.8) 135 (11.6) 79 (10.4) 56 (9.8) 88 (8.0) 551 (10.7) <0.001
Enteritis/diarrhea/volume depletion (%) 23 (6.7) 125 (10.3) 115 (9.9) 59 (7.7) 34 (5.9) 156 (14.1) 512 (9.9) 0.006
Encephalitis (%) 4 (1.2) 18 (1.5) 37 (3.2) 30 (3.9) 17 (3.0) 32 (2.9) 138 (2.7) 0.016
Convulsions (%) 7 (2.0) 70 (5.7) 16 (1.4) 7 (0.9) 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 101 (2.0) <0.001
Otitis media (%) 10 (2.9) 36 (3.0) 25 (2.2) 12 (1.6) 6 (1.0) 12 (1.1) 101 (2.0) <0.001
Conjunctivitis/keratoconjunctivitis (%) 4 (1.2) 15 (1.2) 21 (1.8) 14 (1.8) 16 (2.8) 38 (3.4) 108 (2.1) <0.001
Thrombocytopenia (%) 2 (0.6) 3 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 7 (0.9) 5 (0.9) 6 (0.5) 26 (0.5) 0.170
Abortion/threatened abortion/antepartum or fetal complication (%) 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.3) 17 (1.5) 20 (0.4) <0.001
Other infections/septicemia (%) 16 (4.7) 48 (3.9) 47 (4.0) 25 (3.3) 17 (3.0) 57 (5.1) 210 (4.1) 0.514
Other measles complications (%) 54 (15.7) 142 (11.7) 161 (13.9) 112 (14.7) 117 (20.5) 259 (23.4) 846 (16.4) <0.001
Other diagnoses (%) 50 (14.8) 170 (14.0) 170 (14.6) 121 (15.8) 75 (13.1) 314 (28.4) 899 (17.5) <0.001
Total N. Diagnoses 418 1475 1392 901 695 1615 6496  
  1. Note: For each diagnosis, percentages are calculated over the number of hospitalizations in each age group. Total percentages for each column exceed 100 because more than one discharge diagnosis may be listed for each hospitalization.