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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression analysis of the metabolic syndrome and diabetes in year 2000 in relation to smoking, leisure time physical activity (both included as cofactors) adjusted for age, years of education, glucose, triglycerides, body mass index, treated hypertension and systolic blood pressure in 1972/3

From: Leisure time physical activity in middle age predicts the metabolic syndrome in old age: results of a 28-year follow-up of men in the Oslo study

   Metabolic syndrome* Diabetes
Risk factor in 1972/3   Odds ratio (95% CL) P-value§ Odds ratio (95% CL) P-value§
Smoking    0.001   NS
  Never (reference)     
  Previous 1.01 (0.85–1.21)   1.02 (0.79–1.31)  
  Current 1.30 (1.10–1.53)   1.17 (0.92–1.48)  
Leisure time physical activity      
  Sedentary/light   0.039   0.129
  Moderate 0.98 (0.83–1.17)   0.87 (0.68–1.10)  
  Moderately vigorous 0.83 (0.67–1.02)   0.87 (0.64–1.17)  
  Vigorous 0.73 (0.44–1.22)   0.42 (0.17–1.06)  
  1. *The metabolic syndrome in year 2000 was defined if at least 3 out of 5 of the criteria were present: triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/l, glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/l, BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2, blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg, HDL cholesterol <1.03 mmol/l. § Test of trend