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Table 3 Indicators of differential survival in follow-up sample. %.

From: Diminished mental- and physical function and lack of social support are associated with shorter survival in community dwelling older persons of Botswana

   Follow-up Survivors Follow-up Deceased p-value
(n)   (249) (16)  
Social support Takes daily meals alone 11 47 < 0.001
Household size 1 person 8 31 < 0.001
  2 persons or less 20 50 0.003
Psychiatric disorder Cognitive impairment 8 25 0.017
  Depression 6 19 0.050
Reduced physical strength Failed chair raise × 5 23 56 0.002
Walk 400 m Unable without help 11 31 0.047
Education Never attended school 53 50 0.37
Marital status Single 49 67 0.056
SES Low 28 38 0.35
Area of residence Urban 24 38 0.47
  1. P-value based on Pearson Chi-square test.