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Table 5 Multi-level logistic regression showing odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) of hypertension by ethnic group and neighbourhood stress

From: Ethnic differences in the effect of environmental stressors on blood pressure and hypertension in the Netherlands

  Model I
Age and sex adjusted
Model II
Adjusted for age, sex and education level and BMI
  Dutch
Beta* [95% CI]
Turkish
Beta* [95% CI]
Moroccan
Beta* [95% CI]
Dutch
Beta* [95% CI]
Turkish
Beta* [95% CI]
Moroccan
Beta* [95% CI]
Neighbourhood stresses       
High crime 0.94 [0.61, 1.47] 1.27 [0.81, 1.99] 1.37 [0.84, 2.23] 1.07 [0.67, 1.71] 1.18 [0.75, 1.86] 1.36 [0.82, 2.26]
High density housing 0.89 [0.58, 1.37] 1.15 [0.73, 1.79] 1.42 [0.87, 2.33] 1.10 [0.68, 1.77] 1.05 [0.67, 1.67] 1.42 [0.85, 2.37]
Nuisance from motor traffic 0.92 [0.59, 1.42] 1.23 [0.79, 1.92] 1.31 [0.81, 2.14] 1.05 [0.66, 1.67] 1.14 [0.72, 1.79] 1.30 [0.78, 2.15]
Nuisance from alcohol misuse 0.93 [0.59, 1.47] 1.39 [0.88, 2.22] 1.25 [0.75, 2.10] 1.17 [0.71, 1.92] 1.35 [0.84, 2.16] 1.29 [0.76. 2.22]
Nuisance from drug misuse 0.87 [0.57, 1.34] 1.32 [0.84, 2.04] 1.47 [0.90, 2.41] 1.02 [0.64, 1.69] 1.25 [0.79, 1.97] 1.53 [0.92, 2.55]
High quality of green spaces 1.10 [0.71, 1.74] 0.81 [0.52, 1.27] 0.62 [0.38, 1.02] 0.92 [0.57, 1.49] 0.87 [0.55, 1.38] 0.61 [0.36, 0.99]*
High social participation 0.67 [0.45, 1.00] 0.79 [0.50, 1.23] 0.62 [0.37, 1.04] 0.71 [0.46, 1.09] 0.77 [0.49, 1.22] 0.64 [0.37, 1.18]
  1. *P < 0.05 compared with low neighbourhood attribute in each ethnic group, BMI = Body mass index.