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Table 2 Summer (June-September) daily mortality rate, temperature and humidity in France from 1975 to 2003

From: A predictive model relating daily fluctuations in summer temperatures and mortality rates

  Minimum P10% Mean (SD) P90% Maximum
Population aged > 55 years (million) 11.8 12.0 15.9 (1.2) 15.6 16.3
Daily mortality rate - per 100,000 subjects/day
   All causes of death, > 55 years 6.28 7.40 8.48 (1.02) 9.69 20.15
   Three MCDa, > 55 years 2.27 2.91 3.71 (0.70) 4.61 10.41
   All causes of death, 55–74 years 2.58 3.20 4.03 (0.75) 5.13 7.80
   All causes of death, > 75 years 14.48 17.58 20.41 (2.56) 23.25 53.09
   Men, > 55 years 7.02 8.77 10.56 (1.51) 12.60 18.12
   Women, > 55 years 5.41 6.88 8.24 (1.22) 9.84 22.51
Daily climatic indicators
   Minimum temperature 4.18 9.63 13.17 (2.65) 16.54 20.72
   Maximum temperature 14.14 18.83 23.74 (3.84) 28.89 37.54
   Minimum relative humidity 21.33 37.54 49.32 (8.98) 60.93 78.09
   Maximum relative humidity 77.31 88.21 92.68 (3.31) 96.41 99.61
  1. P10% (P90%): 10th (90th) percentile; SD: standard deviation
  2. a: Three medical causes of deaths: cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and directly heat-related causes (heatstroke, hyperthermia and dehydration)