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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics between responders and HIV non-responders (15–49 years), 2003–2004

From: High potential of escalating HIV transmission in a low prevalence setting in rural Tanzania

  Responders Non-responders
Characteristics Total N (%) Men N (%) Women N (%) Total N (%) Men N (%) Women N (%)
Total 1698 764 934 253 116 137
Area       
Remote 730 (43.0) 361 (47.2) 369 (39.5) 97 (38.3) 45 (38.8) 52 (38.0)
Rural 968 (57.0) 403 (52.8) 565 (59.5) 156 (61.7) 71 (61.2) 85 (62.0)
Village       
Haydom 385 (22.7) 156 (20.4) 229 (24.5) 43 (17.0) 18 (15.5) 25 (18.3)
Muslur 259 (15.3) 124 (16.2) 135 (14.5) 23 (9.0) 10 (8.6) 13 (9.5)
Basotu 236 (13.9) 117 (15.3) 119 (12.7) 49 (19.4) 27 (23.9) 22 (16.1)
Dangayda 169 (10.0) 83 (10.9) 86 (9.2) 29 (11.5) 16 (13.8) 13 (9.5)
Mwanga 302 (17.8) 154 (20.2) 148 (15.9) 45 (17.8) 19 (16.4) 26 (19.0)
Nduguti 347 (20.3) 130 (17.0) 217 (23.2) 64 (25.3) 26 (22.4) 38 (27.6)
Age group (years)       
15–19 262 (15.4) 113 (14.8) 149 (16.0) 38 (15.0) 17 (14.7) 21 (15.3)
20–24 363 (21.4) 155 (20.3) 208 (22.3) 58 (22.9) 28 (24.1) 30 (21.9)
25–29 359 (21.1) 149 (19.5) 210 (22.5) 59 (23.3) 26 (22.4) 33 (24.1)
30–34 270 (15.9) 127 (16.6) 143 (15.3) 46 (18.2) 22 (19.0) 24 (17.5)
35–39 198 (11.7) 93 (12.2) 105 (11.2) 24 (9.5) 11 (9.5) 13 (9.5)
40–49 246 (14.7) 127 (16.6) 119 (12.7) 28 (11.1) 12 (10.3) 16 (11.7)
Marital status       
Single 476 (28.0) 264 (34.6) 212 (22.7) 86 (34.0) 47 (40.5) 39 (28.5)
Married/Engaged/Cohabit 1156 (68.1) 479 (62.7) 677 (72.5) 159 (62.9) 67 (57.8) 92 (67.2)
Separated/Divorced/Widowed 66 (3.9) 21 (2.8) 45 (4.8) 8 (3.2) 2 (1.7) 6 (4.4)
Education       
None 165 (9.7) 58 (7.6) 107 (11.5) 18 (7.1) 3 (2.6) 15 (11.0)
1 < 7 years 258 (15.2) 105 (13.8) 153 (16.4) 30 (11.9) 13 (11.2) 17 (12.4)
≥7 years 1212 (71.4) 573 (75.0) 639 (68.4) 192 (75.9) 94 (81.0) 98 (71.5)
Student* 63 (3.7) 28 (3.7) 35 (3.8) 13 (5.1) 6 (5.2) 7 (5.1)
Income       
None 92 (5.4) 57 (7.5) 35 (3.8) 106 (41.9) 52 (44.8) 54 (39.4)
Employed 254 (15.0) 121 (15.8) 133 (14.2) 11 (4.4) 6 (5.2) 5 (3.7)
Farmer/Cattle/Petty 1352 (79.6) 586 (76.7) 766 (82.0) 136 (53.8) 58 (50.0) 78 (56.9)
Duration of stay       
< 1 year 218 (12.8) 88 (11.5) 129 (13.8) 31 (12.3) 17 (14.7) 14 (10.2)
≥1 year 1480 (87.2) 676 (88.5) 805 (86.2) 222 (87.8) 99 (85.3) 123 (89.8)
  1. * Student currently enrolled in academic institution.
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