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Table 1 Data for all 14,551 patients at time of admission by indication and type of hospital

From: Patients with femoral or distal forearm fracture in Germany: a prospective observational study on health care situation and outcome

  Femoral fracture patients Forearm fracture patients
  All hospitals Acute-care hospitals Rehabilitation hospitals Acute-care hospitals
Number of patients 12,520 3914 (31.3%) 8606 (68.7%) 2031 (100%)
Sex F: 9580 (76.5%) F: 2975 (76.0%) F: 6605 (76.7%) F: 1658 (81.6%)
  M: 2940 (23.5%) M: 939 (24.0%) M: 2001 (23.3%) M: 373 (18.4%)
Age: mean (± SD) F: 79.1 (9.9) Comparison acute-care versus rehabilitation facilities: F: 69.4 (12.3)
  M: 72.5 (12.9) F: 81.3 (9.8) versus 78.1 (9.9) Δ = 3.2 years (p < 0.0001) M: 59.4 (13.8)
  (p < 0.0001) M: 73.8 (13.3) versus 71.9 (12.6) Δ = 1.9 years (p < 0.0002) (p < 0.0001)
BMI (kg/m 2 ) < 25: 56.3% Acute-care versus rehabilitation: < 25: 60.6% vs. 54.4% < 25: 42.7%
  25–29.9: 32.6% 25–29.9: 30.8% vs. 33.4% 25–29.9: 42.2%
  ≥ 30: 11.1% ≥ 30: 8.6% vs. 12.2% ≥ 30: 15.2%
   (p < 0.0001)  
ASA classification (I) 11.1% Acute-care versus rehabilitation: (I): 5.3% vs. 13.6% (I) 28.8%
  (II) 46.7% (II): 34.2% vs. 52.4% (II) 51.4%
  (III) 38.7% (III): 55.2% vs. 31.3% (III) 19.1%
  (IV+V) 3.6% (IV+V): 5.3% vs. 2.7% (IV+V) 3.6%
   (p < 0.0001)  
Presenting fracture (% of all patients) Proximal femur: 10,865 (86.8%) Distal femur: 138 (1.1%) Combination (usually with radius) or unclassified: 1,517 (12.1%) Proximal femur: 3623 (92.6%) Distal femur: 27 (0.7%) Combination (usually with radius) or unclassified: 264 (6.7%) Proximal femur: 7242 (84.2%) Distal femur: 111 (1.3%) Combination (usually with radius) or unclassified: 1253 (14.6%) F: left arm 58.9%, right arm 39.6%, both arms 1.5% M: left arm 48.4%, right arm 50%, both arms 1.6%
Previous fracture (% of all patients) 4010 (32.0%) 1170 (29.9%) 2840 (33.0%) 569 (28.0%)
Fracture location (% of all patients with a previous fracture, multiple locations possible) Radius: 11.2% Radius: 10.4% Radius: 11.6% Radius: 12.6%
  Humerus: 4.5% Humerus: 4.3% Humerus: 4.7% Humerus: 2.8%
  Vertebra: 4.4% Vertebra: 3.7% Vertebra: 4.7% Vertebra: 2.6%
  Femur: 7.4% Femur: 7.2% Femur: 7.5% Femur: 3.0%
  Other: 12.4% Other: 11.2% Other: 12.9% Other: 11.8%
Low bone density 33.7% 25.9% of 792 patients 37.0% of 1889 patients 23.4% of 590 patients
Reported comorbidities (% of all patients, multiple comorbidities possible) Hypertension: 61.2% Hypertension: 64.6% Hypertension: 59.6% Hypertension: 48.9%
  Diabetes: 20.5% Diabetes: 22.6% Diabetes: 19.5% Diabetes: 11.3%
  CHD: 36.0% CHD: 45.1% CHD: 31.7% CHD: 21.2%
  MI: 7.0% MI: 7.6% MI: 6.7% MI: 3.2%
  PAD: 13.5% PAD: 20.7% PAD: 10.2% PAD: 8.2%
  Stroke: 11.8% Stroke: 14.0% Stroke: 10.9% Stroke: 4.8
  Arthritis: 34.8% Arthritis: 30.0% Arthritis: 36.9% Arthritis: 23.9%
  Rheumatism: 5.0% Rheumatism: 5.4% Rheumatism: 4.8% Rheumatism: 3.6%
  COPD: 11.4% COPD: 13.1% COPD: 10.7% COPD: 7.4%
  Malignant tumour: 10.1% Malignant tumour: 10.0% Malignant tumour: 10.2% Malignant tumour: 5.9%
  Kidney dysfunction: 6.0% Kidney dysfunction: 8.9% Kidney dysfunction: 4.6% Kidney dysfunction: 2.0%
  1. ASA classification: I = normal healthy patient; II = patient with mild systemic disease; III = patient with severe systemic disease that is not incapacitating; IV = patient with incapacitating systemic disease that is a constant threat to life; V = moribund patient/CHD = Coronary Heart Disease/MI = Myocardial Infarction/PAD = Peripheral Arterial Disease/COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease