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Table 6 Characteristics of anemic and non-anemic cases among 90 institutionalized people with cerebral palsy, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

From: An epidemiological study on anemia among institutionalized people with intellectual and/or motor disability with special reference to its frequency, severity and predictors

  Anemic cases (n = 19) Non-anemic cases (n = 71)
  Normocytic normochromic anemia (n = 19) Anemia except normocytic normochromic anemia (n = 0)   
  M (n = 17) F (n = 2) M (n = 0) F (n = 0) M (n = 31) F (n = 40)
Age 46.2 ± 10.7 41.0 ± 1.4 - - 39.9 ± 10.2 43.1 ± 12.0
Body mass index (BMI) 19.8 ± 3.3 20.1 ± 2.1 - - 21.2 ± 2.7 21.7 ± 3.7
Fe (μg/dl) 92.8 ± 36.5 84.5 ± 3.5 - - 109.2 ± 48.0 99.9 ± 37.3
Medications (n)
   Anticonvulsants and/or major tranquilizers 12 (63.2%) -- 37 (52.1%)
   Minor tranquilizers 3 (15.8%) -- 13 (18.3%)
   Iron replacement 1 (5.3%) -- 1 (1.4%)
   Other medicationsb 6 (31.6%) -- 19 (26.8%)
Users of any medication (n) 18 (94.7%) -- 50 (70.4%)
Non-medicated (n) 1 (5.3%) -- 21 (29.6%)
  1. a Medications except anticonvulsants and/or major tranquilizers, minor tranquilizers and iron replacement (i.e. gastrointestinal drugs, cold drugs, cardiovascular medication).