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Table 5 Characteristics of anemic and non-anemic cases among 314a institutionalized people with intellectual disability, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

From: An epidemiological study on anemia among institutionalized people with intellectual and/or motor disability with special reference to its frequency, severity and predictors

  Anemic cases (n = 85) Non-anemic cases (n = 229)
  Normocytic normochromic anemia (n = 80) Anemia except normocytic normochromic anemia (n = 5)   
  M (n = 75) F (n = 5) M (n = 5) F (n = 0) M (n = 116) F (n = 113)
Age 37.8 ± 14.4 49.4 ± 16.7 30.4 ± 13.0 - 42.5 ± 13.4 47.0 ± 11.3
Body mass index (BMI) 20.5 ± 3.8 20.0 ± 2.9 22.2 ± 2.4 - 22.1 ± 3.4 22.1 ± 3.8
Fe (μg/dl) 90.4 ± 39.0 90.2 ± 22.9 84.2 ± 58.9 - 104.4 ± 37.8 104.4 ± 31.0
Medications (n)
   Anticonvulsants and/or major tranquilizers 58 (72.5%) 4 (80.0%) 92 (40.5%)
   Minor tranquilizers 18 (22.5%) 1 (20.0%) 31 (13.7%)
   Iron replacement 5 (6.3%) 0 (0%) 11 (4.8%)
   Other medicationsb 18 (22.5%) 2 (40.0%) 56 (24.7%)
Users of any medication (n) 68 (85.0%) 5 (100%) 142 (62.6%)
Non-medicated (n) 12 (15.0%) 0 (0%) 85 (37.4%)
  1. a Missing data: one person.
  2. aMedications except anticonvulsants and/or major tranquilizers, minor tranquilizers and iron replacement (i.e. gastrointestinal drug, cold drug, cardiovascular medication).