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Table 1 Relationship between the frequency of AS and health-promoting behavior among the 656 study participants

From: Adequate sleep among adolescents is positively associated with health status and health-related behaviors

Variables Adequate sleep3 χ2 (d.f. = 1) Odds ratio 95% Confidence Interval
  Higher Lower    
  n %    
Life appreciation      
   Higher1 202 (52.5%) 183 (47.5%) 17.99*** 1.98 1.4~2.7
   Lower2 97 (35.8%) 174 (64.2%)    
Health responsibility      
   Higher 198 (50.1%) 197 (49.5%) 8.65** 1.61 1.2~2.2
   Lower 100 (38.3%) 161 (61.7%)    
Social support      
   Higher 166 (47.6%) 183 (52.4%) 1.19 1.19 0.9~1.6
   Lower 133 (43.3%) 174 (56.7%)    
Stress management      
   Higher 230 (67.2%) 110 (32.4%) 145.28*** 7.56 5.3~10.8
   Lower 68 (21.5%) 248 (78.5%)    
Nutrition      
   Higher 180 (60.0%) 120 (40.0%) 46.81*** 2.99 2.2~4.1
   Lower 119 (33.4%) 237 (66.6%)    
Exercise      
   Higher 151 (56.8%) 115 (43.2%) 22.63*** 2.15 1.6~3.0
   Lower 148 (37.9%) 242 (62.1%)    
Total AHP      
   Higher 191 (58.5%) 135 (41.5%) 44.48*** 2.91 2.1~4.0
   Lower 107 (32.4%) 223 (67.6%)    
  1. 12 Higher/lower is defined as the frequency of practicing behavior above/below the average of the total sample scores on the six dimensions of the health promotion scale.
  2. 3Adequate sleep: Lower/higher was defined as the frequency of obtaining AS (6–8 hours each night); "lower" for rarely/sometimes, and "higher" for "often/always".
  3. ** Fisher's exactly test: p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001