Skip to main content

Table 4 The relationship between baseline work factors and the level of psychological distress at follow-up. Results of multivariate, linear regression analyses.

From: Work factors and psychological distress in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study

Baseline work factor Model 1
b (se)
Model 2
b (se)
Model 2b
b (se)
Hours of work per week 0.025 (0.018) 0.009 (0.021) 0.006 (0.021)
Frequency of night shifts 0.007 (0.006) 0.005 (0.007) 0.006 (0.007)
Quantitative work demands 0.011 (0.008) - 0.007 (0.012) - 0.008 (0.012)
Positioning patients in bed 0.003 (0.007) - 0.002 (0.011) 0.000 (0.011)
Supporting between bed and chair 0.006 (0.007) - 0.003 (0.011) - 0.006 (0.011)
Handling heavy objects 0.022 (0.008) ** 0.019 (0.011) 0.020 (0.011)
Requires physical endurance 0.008 (0.005) 0.002 (0.008) 0.000 (0.008)
Positive challenges - 0.014 (0.009) - 0.009 (0.011) - 0.005 (0.011)
Role conflicts 0.027 (0.008) ** 0.024 (0.011) * 0.022 (0.011) *
Threats and violence 0.015 (0.006) ** 0.017 (0.007) * 0.020 (0.007) **
Participation in decisions - 0.012 (0.008) - 0.005 (0.011) - 0.006 (0.011)
Control of work pace - 0.010 (0.008) - 0.008 (0.010) - 0.009 (0.011)
Support from superior - 0.008 (0.006) 0.011 (0.011) 0.013 (0.011)
Fairness of leadership - 0.009 (0.008) 0.001 (0.012) - 0.001 (0.012)
Feedback about quality of work - 0.009 (0.006) - 0.005 (0.008) - 0.005 (0.008)
Rewards for work well done - 0.012 (0.005) * - 0.006 (0.007) - 0.007 (0.007)
Social climate - 0.019 (0.009) * - 0.007 (0.012) - 0.008 (0.012)
Exposure to bullying - 0.039 (0.033) - 0.062 (0.035) - 0.065 (0.035)
  1. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01.
  2. b (se) = adjusted, unstardardised regression coefficients (standard error).
  3. Model 1: adjusted for baseline level of psychological distress.
  4. Model 2: adjusted for baseline level of psychological distress, all baseline work factors shown in this table, changes in the work situation between baseline and follow-up, age, gender, marital status, number of preschool children, pregnancy, the extent of engagement in special tasks of care taking during leisure time, regular physical exercise, the extent the respondents were bothered by long-term health problems of any kind, and years of experience as nurses' aide.
  5. Model 2b: adjusted for the same factors as in Model 2, and practice area.
  6. 19 – 36 hours per week = 0; > 36 hours per week = 1.
  7. No = 0; yes = 1.