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Table 2 The relationships between drunkenness (2 to 3 times or more) and family affluence among 11–15 year olds in Europe and North America in 2001–2002, odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals1

From: The relationship between parental socio-economic status and episodes of drunkenness among adolescents: findings from a cross-national survey

  Boys Girls
  Family affluence Family affluence
  High Medium   Low    High Medium   Low   
   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI p2   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI p2
Belgium (Flanders) 1.00 0.76 (0.57–1.00) 0.78 (0.61–1.00) ns 1.00 0.94 (0.68–1.29) 1.00 (0.75–1.33) ns
Canada 1.00 0.75 (0.56–1.11) 0.78 (0.56–1.10) ns 1.00 1.09 (0.76–1.56) 1.02 (0.75–1.38) ns
Croatia 1.00 0.78 (0.57–1.11) 0.74 (0.55–0.98) ns 1.00 0.91 (0.60–1.38) 0.89 (0.63–1.25) ns
Czech Republic 1.00 0.92 (0.68–1.25) 0.87 (0.66–1.15) ns 1.00 0.84 (0.58–1.21) 0.99 (0.73–1.34) ns
Denmark 1.00 0.80 (0.61–1.05) 0.99 (0.71–1.38) ns 1.00 1.07 (0.78–1.46) 0.79 (0.55–1.12) ns
Estonia 1.00 0.75 (0.57–0.99) 0.77 (0.57–1.05) ns 1.00 1.09 (0.77–1.52) 1.16 (0.82–1.65) ns
Finland 1.00 0.80 (0.60–1.07) 0.97 (0.72–1.32) ns 1.00 0.79 (0.58–1.07) 1.19 (0.86–1.63) **
France 1.00 0.84 (0.63–1.12) 1.08 (0.80–1.47) ns 1.00 1.13 (0.79–1.62) 1.07 (0.73–1.56) ns
Germany 1.00 0.70 (0.53–0.93) 0.78 (0.58–1.07) ** 1.00 0.99 (0.73–1.34) 0.93 (0.67–1.30) ns
Greece 1.00 0.95 (0.68–1.31) 0.69 (0.45–1.05) ns 1.00 1.07 (0.71–1.62) 1.12 (0.71–1.79) ns
Hungary 1.00 0.62 (0.44–0.87) 0.61 (0.42–0.87) ** 1.00 0.71 (0.49–1.03) 0.99 (0.69–1.42) ns
Ireland 1.00 0.74 (0.46–1.19) 0.67 (0.43–1.05) ns 1.00 0.75 (0.47–1.20) 0.82 (0.56–1.20) ns
Israel 1.00 0.70 (0.48–1.02) 0.76 (0.57–1.05) ns 1.00 0.76 (0.46–1.27) 0.87 (0.59–1.29) ns
Italy 1.00 0.76 (0.54–1.07) 0.92 (0.60–1.40) ns 1.00 0.71 (0.48–1.06) 0.97 (0.61–1.53) ns
Latvia 1.00 0.69 (0.49–0.96) 0.71 (0.50–1.04) * 1.00 0.72 (0.48–1.08) 0.66 (0.44–0.99) ns
Malta 1.00 0.83 (0.47–1.46) 0.74 (0.44–1.25) ns 1.00 1.08 (0.60–1.98) 0.83 (0.45–1.54) ns
Norway 1.00 0.76 (0.55–1.06) 0.84 (0.58–1.23) ns 1.00 1.06 (0.75–1.51) 1.12 (0.77–1.65) ns
Poland 1.00 0.81 (0.63–1.05) 0.80 (0.61–1.05) ns 1.00 0.75 (0.55–1.04) 1.04 (0.76–1.44) ns
Portugal 1.00 0.62 (0.43–0.91) 0.49 (0.30–0.80) ** 1.00 0.70 (0.43–1.14) 0.76 (0.44–1.30) ns
Russia 1.00 0.78 (0.63–0.97) 0.64 (0.51–0.82) ** 1.00 1.05 (0.82–1.33) 0.85 (0.66–1.09) ns
Scotland 1.00 0.64 (0.46–0.87) 0.89 (0.64–1.25) * 1.00 1.13 (0.79–1.61) 1.11 (0.76–1.62) ns
Slovenia 1.00 0.73 (0.52–1.01) 0.81 (0.59–1.09) ns 1.00 1.05 (0.71–1.57) 0.71 (0.48–1.04) ns
Spain 1.00 0.90 (0.61–1.31) 0.87 (0.62–1.22) ns 1.00 0.88 (0.59–1.31) 0.97 (0.69–1.35) ns
Sweden 1.00 0.45 (0.30–0.68) 0.43 (0.30–0.62) *** 1.00 1.10 (0.71–1.69) 1.25 (0.87–1.78) ns
Switzerland 1.00 0.96 (0.71–1.29) 1.07 (0.76–1.51) ns 1.00 0.90 (0.60–1.34) 1.02 (0.66–1.57) ns
Ukraine 1.00 1.11 (0.81–1.53) 1.08 (0.83–1.40) ns 1.00 0.86 (0.62–1.20) 0.91 (0.70–1.18) ns
USA 1.00 0.81 (0.58–1.12) 0.78 (0.51–1.19) ns 1.00 1.24 (0.89–1.72) 1.22 (0.82–1.84) ns
Wales 1.00 1.10 (0.83–1.46) 0.91 (0.66–1.27) ns 1.00 1.10 (0.78–1.53) 0.88 (0.62–1.27) ns
All countries 1.00 0.82 (0.77–0.86) 0.80 (0.76–0.85) *** 1.00 1.02 (0.96–1.09) 0.99 (0.94–1.05) ns
  1. 1 logistic regression models. adjusted for age and parental occupation
  2. 2 overall effect of the variable in the model
  3. * p < 0,05, ** p < 0,01, *** p < 0,001