Skip to main content

Table 2 Association of Sexual Orientation with Current Smoking and Heavy Drinking After Adjusting for Demographic Characteristics1

From: Gay/Lesbian sexual orientation increases risk for cigarette smoking and heavy drinking among members of a large Northern California health plan

Characteristic Women Men
  Current Smoker Adj. OR (95% CI) Heavy Drinker Adj. OR (95% CI) Current Smoker Adj. OR (95% CI) Heavy Drinker Adj. OR (95% CI)
Sexual Orientation     
   Heterosexual (ref gp) (ref gp) (ref gp) (ref gp)
   Lesbian/Gay 1.60 (1.02–2.51) 2.14 (1.08–4.23) 2.40 (1.75–3.30) 1.54 (0.96–2.45)
Race/Ethnicity     
   White nonHispanic (ref gp) (ref gp) (ref gp) (ref gp)
   African-American/Black 1.23 (0.99–1.52) 0.55 (0.34–0.89) 0.93 (0.91–1.02) 0.82 (0.51–1.31)
   Latino(a) 0.48 (0.38–0.60) 0.66 (0.48–0.89) 0.64 (0.50–0.81) 1.70 (1.30–2.22)
   Asian 0.45 (0.35–0.56) 0.41 (0.26–0.63) 0.98 (0.80–1.20) 0.54 (0.38–0.77)
   Pacific Islander 0.81 (0.32–2.07) 0.30 (0.04–2.26) 3.26 (1.61–6.60) 2.28 (0.98–5.33)
   Other 1.11 (0.81–1.52) 0.92 (0.49–1.71) 1.33 (0.96–1.84) 0.94 (0.57–1.57)
Educational Attainment     
   < 12 years 1.22 (0.89–1.52) 1.50 (0.86–2.64) 1.46 (1.09–1.96) 0.86 (0.57–1.32)
   High School Graduate (ref gp) (ref gp) (ref gp) (ref gp)
   Some College 0.73 (0.62–0.86) 0.77 (0.56–1.04) 0.73 (0.61–0.87) 0.67 (0.52–0.87)
   4-Yr College Graduate 0.25 (0.21–0.31) 0.41 (0.29–0.57) 0.26 (0.21–0.32) 0.38 (0.28–0.50)
  1. 1 Adjusted odds ratios and confidence intervals from multiple logistic regression models using weighted survey data and also adjusting for age (continuous variable of 5-yr intervals) and survey year