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Table 1 Characteristics of the 1091 DUs by gender

From: Patients in long-term maintenance therapy for drug use in Italy: analysis of some parameters of social integration and serological status for infectious diseases in a cohort of 1091 patients

Characteristics Females Males Total  
   No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) p*
Age < 25 21 (12) 84 (9) 105 (10) 0.194
  25–35 85 (50) 459 (50) 544 (50)  
  35–45 62 (36) 332 (36) 394 (36)  
  >45 3 (2) 45 (5) 48 (4)  
Therapy Methadone 154 (90) 806 (88) 960 (88) 0.365
  Buprenorphine 17 (10) 114 (12) 131 (12)  
Years of drug use < 5 21 (12) 51 (5) 72 (7) 0.016
  5–10 27 (16) 174 (19) 201 (18)  
  10–15 44 (26) 260 (28) 304 (28)  
  15–20 36 (21) 187 (20) 223 (20)  
  20–25 35 (20) 170 (19) 205 (19)  
  ≥25 8 (5) 78 (9) 86 (8)  
Drug assumption Intravenous 151 (88) 819 (89) 970 (89) 0.784
  Sniffing 20 (12) 101 (11) 121 (11)  
Education Primary 6 (3) 74 (8) 80 (7) <.001**
  Middle 106 (62) 638 (69) 744 (68)  
  Vocational 22 (13) 109 (12) 131 (12)  
  Secondary or higher 37 (21) 99 (10) 136 (12)  
Employment status Employed 123 (72) 743 (81) 866 (79) <.001**
     Continuously 100 (81) 645 (87) 745 (86)  
     Discontinuously 23 (19) 98 (13) 121 (14)  
  Unemployed 31 (18) 141 (15) 172 (16)  
  Other 17 (10) 36 (4) 53 (5)  
     Housewives 10 (59) 2 (6) 12 (23)  
     Students 4 (23) 6 (17) 10 (19)  
     Invalids-Retired 3 (18) 28 (78) 31 (58)  
Living status Parents 41 (24) 504 (55) 545 (50) <.001**
  Partner 103 (60) 267 (29) 370 (34)  
  Alone 24 (14) 133 (14) 157 (14)  
  Friends 3 (2) 16 (2) 19 (2)  
Partner status No steady partner 40 (23) 499 (54) 539 (49) <.001**
  A steady partner 131 (77) 421 (46) 552 (51)  
     Unmarried 99 (76) 296 (70) 395 (72)  
     Married 32 (24) 125 (30) 157 (28)  
Partner's drug use § No 30 (23) 284 (67) 314 (57) <.001
  Yes 101 (77) 136 (33) 237 (43)  
Total   171 (16) 920 (84) 1091 (100)  
  1. Percentages by column; *chi-squared test p-value for the association between gender and each single variable.
  2. ** Fisher's exact test p-value; Continuously: declaring to be employed; Discontinuously: declaring to work but not continuously;§ Percentages are referred to subjects having a steady partner.