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Table 4 Age-adjusted hazard rate ratios (HRRs) of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, by childhood socioeconomic position (SEP), adult SEP at age 30–35, and adult SEP at age 40–45 years in Swedish women.

From: Similar support for three different life course socioeconomic models on predicting premature cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality

    Cardiovascular mortality* All-cause mortality
     Age-adjusted Mutually adjusted   Age-adjusted Mutually adjusted
  n % Cases HRR‡ 95% CI‡ HRR‡ 95% CI‡ Cases HRR‡ 95% CI‡ HRR‡ 95% CI‡
Childhood SEP             
   Non-manual§ 10,578 26 46 1.0   1.0   244 1.0   1.0  
   Manual 18,220 46 129 1.6 1.2, 2.3 1.5 1.04, 2.1 497 1.2 1.02, 1.4 1.1 0.9, 1.3
   Self-employed 3,920 10 18 1.0 0.6, 1.8 1.0 0.6, 1.7 94 1.0 0.8, 1.3 1.0 0.8, 1.3
   Farmers 4,979 13 23 1.0 0.6, 1.7 1.0 0.6, 1.6 97 0.8 0.7, 1.1 0.8 0.6, 1.3
   Unclassified 316 1 3 2.2 0.7, 7.1 2.3 0.7, 7.3 9 1.3 0.6, 2.4 1.3 0.7, 2.5
   Outside work force 1,664 4 17 2.3 1.3, 3.9 2.0 1.1, 3.4 53 1.3 1.0, 1.8 1.2 0.9, 1.6
Adult SEP ages 30–35 years             
   Non-manual§ 17,249 43 78 1.0   1.0   365 1.0   1.0  
   Manual 10,857 27 79 1.6 1.2, 2.2 1.2 0.8, 1.8 315 1.4 1.2, 1.6 1.2 1.0, 1.5
   Self-employed 1,159 3 5 0.9 0.4, 2.3 1.0 0.4, 2.5 27 1.1 0.7, 1.6 1.1 0.7, 1.6
   Farmers 516 1 2 0.8 0.2, 3.4 0.6 0.1, 3.0 10 0.9 0.5, 1.7 0.8 0.4, 1.7
   Unclassified 94 1 0 2 1.0 0.2, 4.0 0.9 0.2, 3.4
   Outside work force 9,802 24 72 1.6 1.2, 2.2 1.1 0.8, 1.7 275 1.3 1.1, 1.6 1.1 0.9, 1.3
Adult SEP ages 40–45 years             
   Non-manual§ 20,442 52 87 1.0   1.0   416 1.0   1.0  
   Manual 12,603 32 85 1.6 1.2, 2.1 1.3 0.9, 2.0 321 1.2 1.1, 1.4 1.1 0.9, 1.3
   Self-employed 1,627 4 2 0.3 0.1, 1.2 0.3 0.1, 1.1 24 0.7 0.5, 1.1 0.7 0.4, 1.1
   Farmers 372 1 2 1.3 0.3, 5.1 1.9 0.4, 9.5 7 0.9 0.4, 1.9 1.1 0.5, 2.7
   Unclassified 1,292 3 11 2.1 1.1, 3.9 1.9 1.0, 3.6 38 1.5 1.1, 2.1 1.4 1.0, 1.9
   Outside work force 3,341 8 49 3.5 2.5, 4.9 3.1 2.1, 4.6 188 2.8 2.4, 3.3 2.6 2.2, 3.2
  1. * Cardiovascular mortality includes the following diagnoses; ICD 8: 390–459, ICD 9: 390–459 and ICD 10: I00-I99.
  2. † Five categories among those inside the workforce: Non-manual, manual, self-employed, farmers and unclassified (inside the workforce although the work tasks are unknown) and the category: Outside the workforce (students, housewives, the unemployed, and disability pensioners). Childhood SEP was defined by SEP of the head of the household's primary occupation (in married couples i.e., the man's occupation).
  3. ‡ HRR, hazard rate ratio; CI, Confidence interval.
  4. § Reference category.
  5. ¶ Not applicable due to the low number of cases.