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Table 1 Mean and prevalence of CVD risk factors by socio-economic status in 8–10-year-old children

From: Tracking and prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors across socio-economic classes: A longitudinal substudy of the European Youth Heart Study

  Low SES High SES
  Total group size At-risk prevalence % (95 % CI) Mean (SD) Total group size At-risk prevalence % (95 % CI) Mean (SD)
Physical fitness       
Girls 107 30.84 (22.27–40.50) 8.75 (1.41) 160 21.25 (15.19–28.41) 9.15 (1.39)
Boys 114 32.46 (23.99–41.86) 9.94 (1.74) 122 15.57 (9.64–23.25) 10.50 (1.48)
Body Mass Index       
Girls 124 16.13 (10.34–23.81) 17.43 (2.63) 168 13.69 (8.88–19.83) 17.08 (2.45)
Boys 124 15.32 (9.48–22.89) 17.48 (2.71) 131 12.98 (7.74–19.96) 17.28 (2.23)
  1. Subjects were classified as being at-risk in relation to physical fitness, if they belonged to the lower sex and age group specific quartile of physical fitness. In relation to BMI, subjects were classified as being at-risk if they were overweight according to BMI cut-points proposed by the International Obesity Task Force. Physical fitness was measured in watt/kg2/3 and BMI in kg/m2
  2. ‡ Significantly different from the corresponding value in the opposite SES group (P < 0.05)
  3. † Borderline significantly different from the corresponding value in the opposite SES group (0.05< P < 0.09)