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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of intervention and control groups

From: Randomised controlled trial of welfare rights advice accessed via primary health care: pilot study [ISRCTN61522618]

  Intervention (n = 64) Control (n = 62)
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Age 70.8 (7.1) 70.4 (8.3)
Health Status   
SF36 – Physical (Range* 0–100, higher score = better health) 34.2 (10.9) 35.1 (11.4)
SF36 – Mental (Range 0–100, higher score = better health) 51.5 (8.6) 51.4 (8.6)
HAD – Anxiety (Range 0–21, lower score = less anxiety) 6.1 (3.9) 5.6 (4.4)
HAD – Depression (Range 0–21, lower score = less depression) 4.6 (3.5) 4.4 (3.2)
Sleep quality (PSQI) (Range 0–21, lower score = better sleep quality) 7.5 (4.2) 7.6 (3.7)
Symptom inventory (Range 0–21, lower score = fewer symptoms) 6.7 (3.6) 5.5 (3.1)
Health related behaviours   
Fruit and vegetable intake (Range 0–42, high score = higher intake) 18.6 (7.2) 19.4 (6.4)
Protein intake (Range 0–36, high score = higher intake) 8.8 (2.9) 9.2 (3.2)
Starch intake (Range 0–18, high score = higher intake) 14.0 (3.9) 14.5 (3.6)
Fat intake (Range 0–24, high score = higher intake) 10.4 (5.2) 11.2 (5.7)
Alcohol (units, high score = higher intake) 13.3 (18.6) 10.6 (12.9)
BMI (weight (kg)/height (m)2) 29.0 (4.8) 28.9 (5.1)
Physical activity (PASE) (Range 0–3503, high score =more physical activity) 82.7 (41.1) 80.8 (47.6)
Psycho-Social Characteristics   
Social interaction (Range 0–30, high score = high level of social interaction) 11.9 (4.3) 11.1 (4.5)
Strength of confiding relationships (Range 2–10, high score = strong relationships) 8.1 (2.3) 8.2 (2.1)
Self Esteem Inventory** (Range 10–40, high score = high self esteem) 30.8 (3.9) 30.8 (3.6)
Personal Mastery Scale** (Range 7–28, high score = high personal mastery) 19.8 (2.8) 19.9 (3.1)
Life Events Inventory (Range 0–32, high score = more stressful life events) 1.4 (1.4) 0.7 (1.0)
Economic Status   
Financial vulnerability (Range 6–28, lower score = less financially vulnerable) 8.7 (4.7) 7.4 (2.7)
Standard of Living Index (Range 0–23, high score = better standard of living) 16.3 (2.5) 16.3 (3.0)
  n (%) n (%)
Sex (Male) 38 (59.4) 33 (53.2)
Education post 16 yrs 4 (6.3) 7 (11.3)
Ethnic group – White 64 (100.0) 62 (100.0)
Use of car 34 (53.1) 34 (54.8)
Long term limiting illness 41 (64.1) 40 (64.5)
Current smoker 12 (18.8) 12 (19.4)
  1. * The range of the measurement scale
  2. ** 1 person in the intervention group did not complete self esteem/mastery assessment