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Table 2 Observed and expected numbers of deaths (all causes) and standardised mortality ratios (SMR) in the whole cohort and the substrata during the follow-up period 1990–2001.

From: All-cause and Cardiovascular mortality among ethnic German immigrants from the Former Soviet Union: a cohort study

covariable category observed deaths expected deaths SMR 95%-CI*
whole cohort   1657 1960.09 0.85 0.81–0.89
Sex male 870 976.59 0.89 0.83–0.95
  female 787 983.47 0.81 0.75–0.86
Age group 15–39 168 160.89 1.04 0.90–1.21
  40–64 562 613.67 0.92 0.84–0.99
  65+ 927 1185.50 0.78 0.73–0.83
duration of stay <5 years 958 1091.01 0.88 0.82–0.94
  5–8 years 594 747.43 0.79 0.73–0.86
  >8 years 105 121.62 0.86 0.71–1.05
study period 1990–1993 132 204.60 0.65 0.54–0.77
  1994–1997 519 629.08 0.83 0.76–0.90
  1998–2002 1006 1126.38 0.89 0.84–0.95
year of arrival 1990–1993 958 1247.33 0.77 0.72–0.82
  1994–1997 553 570.21 0.97 0.89–1.05
  1998–2001 146 142.51 1.02 0.87–1.20
family size at arrival single 279 348.12 0.80 0.71–0.90
  2 to 4 1209 1343.33 0.90 0.85–0.95
  5+ 169 268.60 0.63 0.54–0.73
size of first city of residence >100,000 643 753.82 0.85 0.79–0.92
  <100,000 1014 1206.24 0.84 0.79–0.89
  1. *95% confidence interval