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Table 1 Selected avoidable deathsa

From: Avoidable mortality across Canada from 1975 to 1999

Cause of death Intervention Evidence of effectiveness ICD8 code 1969–78 ICD9 code 1979–99 Age-groups (years)
All causes    000–999 001–999 0–64
Ischaemic heart disease Public health
Smoking cessation, lifestyle modification
[21][22][36] 410–413 410–414, 429.2 35–64
  Medical care
Pharmacotherapy, angioplasty, surgery
[37][38][39][40][41]    
Deaths amenable to medical care
Tuberculosis Immunization, contact tracing, pharmacotherapy [42][43] 011–019 010–018, 137 5–64
Malignant neoplasm of the breast [Breast cancer] Screening, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy [44][45][46][47] 174 174 25–64
Malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri [Cervical cancer] Screening, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy [48][49] 180 180 15–64
Malignant neoplasm of the uterus (except cervix uteri) [Uterine cancer] Screening, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy [50][51] 182 179, 182 15–64
Hodgkin's disease Chemotherapy, radiation therapy [52][53][54] 201 201 15–64
Hypertension and cerebrovascular disease Pharmacotherapy, carotid endarterectomy [39][55][56][57] 400–404, 430–438 401–405, 430–438 35–64
Asthma Pharmacotherapy [58][59] 493 493 5–44
Gastric and duodenal ulcer [Ulcers] Pharmacotherapy, surgery [60][61] 531–534 531–534 25–64
Appendicitis Surgery [62][63] 540–543 540–543 5–64
Hernia Surgery [64] 550–553 550–553 5–64
Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis and cholangitis [Gallbladder diseases] Pharmacotherapy, surgery [65] 574–576 575–476 5–64
Complications of pregnancy [Maternal mortality] Screening, pharmacotherapy, surgery [66][67] 630–678 630–676 0–64
Perinatal conditions Screening, pharmacotherapy, surgery [68] 760–779 760–779 > 28 weeks gestation <1 week and stillbirths
Deaths amenable to public health
Malignant Neoplasm of the Trachea, Bronchus and Lung [Lung cancer] Smoking cessation, lifestyle modification [69][70][71] 162 162 35–64
Accidents/Poisonings/Violence [Injuries] Legislation, safety equipment [72][73][74][75][76][77][20] 800–999 800–999 0–64
  1. Note – Simplified names for some causes are presented within square brackets.
  2. aAdapted from the European Community Working Group on Health Services and "Avoidable Deaths," 1997.[16]