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Table 3 Summary of interventions, clinical areas, and outcomes of 27 studies aimed at improving quality of health care for racial/ethnic minorities

From: Improving health care quality for racial/ethnic minorities: a systematic review of the best evidence regarding provider and organization interventions

Intervention Type1 Clinical Area (references) Total # Studies Overall Outcome Assessment across Studies Rating of Evidence
Tracking/Reminders General Adult Prevention (9,10) 10 All studies reported favorable outcomes. A
  Cancer Screening (10,15,19,21,25,35)    
  Tobacco Cessation (30)    
  End of Life (31)    
Multifaceted Adult Cancer Screening (28,29) 9 Although almost all studies reported some favorable impact on one or more outcome type, results were inconsistent across studies C
  Cholesterol Reduction(24)    
  Tobacco Cessation (27)    
  Depression (14,34)    
  Alcohol Cessation (20)    
  Asthma (22)    
  Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (33)    
Bypass MD Cancer Screening (12,23) 2 Both studies reported favorable outcomes in the provision of preventive services to patients C
Provider Education Adult General Prevention (17) 2 Both studies reported favorable impact on provider counseling behaviors. C
  Child Injury Prevention (32)    
Use of STQ2 Adolescent Health Risks (16) 1 One study reported favorable impact on provider counseling behavior. D
Use of RST3 Well Baby Care (18) 1 One study reported favorable outcomes on accuracy of translation and provider/patient satisfaction. D
Use of Specialty Consult Chronic Renal Disease (26) 1 One study did not demonstrate improvement. D
Use of Defibrillators Emergency Medicine (13) 1 One study did not demonstrate improvement. D
  1. 1 Note that characterization of interventions for purposes of synthesis reflects a simplification of employed methods. Consult Supplementary Table for details on methods for individual studies [See Additional file 1].
  2. 2 STQ = safe times questionnaire
  3. 3 RST = remote simultaneous translation