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Table 3 Frequency of falls and injuries* in fallers by age group and gender over two years

From: Falls in young, middle-aged and older community dwelling adults: perceived cause, environmental factors and injury

  Total Cohort Men Women
  Young
(N = 292)
Middle
(N = 616)
Old
(N = 589)
Young
(N = 137)
Middle
(N = 261)
Old
(N = 359)
Young
(N = 155)
Middle
(N = 355)
Old
(N = 230)
Total Number of Falls (percentages)
0 238(81.5) 485(78.7) 384(65.2) 114(83.2) 220(84.2) 253(70.5) 124(80.0) 265(74.5) 131(57)
1 25(8.6) 74(12.0) 99(16.8) 12(8.8) 22(8.4) 50(13.9) 13(8.4) 52(14.6) 49(21.3)
2 12(4.1) 24(3.9) 53(9.0) 3(2.2) 10(3.8) 31(8.6) 9(5.8) 14(3.9) 22(9.6)
3 3(1.0) 9(1.5) 25(4.2) 0 2(0.8) 12(3.3) 3(1.9) 7(2.0) 13(5.7)
4 3(1.0) 11(1.8) 16(2.7) 1(0.7) 2(0.8) 8(2.2) 2(1.3) 9(2.5) 8(3.5)
5+ 11(3.8) 13(2.1) 12(2.0) 7(5.1) 5(1.9) 5(1.4) 4(2.6) 8(2.2) 7(3.0)
Total Fallers 54(18.5) 131(21.3) 205(34.8) 23(16.8) 41(15.7) 106(29.5) 31(20.0) 90(25.3) 99(43.0)
If Fell, Injured?
No 15(27.8) 40(30.5) 60(29.3) 9(39.1) 16(39.0) 37(34.9) 6(19.4) 24(26.7) 23(23.2)
Yes 39(72.2) 91(69.5) 145(70.7) 14(60.9) 25(61.0) 69(65.1) 25(80.6) 66(73.3) 76(76.8)
Most Serious Injury Sustained from the Fall (percent of injured fallers)
Cut/Laceration1 6(15.4) 11(12.1) 29(20.0) 1(7.1) 2(8.0) 17(24.6) 5(20.0) 9(13.6) 12(15.8)
Bruise/Hematoma2 11(28.2) 25(27.5) 40(27.6) 4(28.6) 7(28.0) 14(20.2) 7(28.0) 18(27.3) 26(34.2)
Sprain or Strain3 18(46.2) 25(27.5) 19(13.1) 8(57.1) 7(28.0) 12(17.4) 10(40.0) 18(27.3) 7(9.2)
Fracture 3(7.7) 15(16.5) 31(21.3) 1(7.1) 6(24.0) 14(20.3) 2(8.0) 9(13.6) 17(22.4)
Other4+ 1(2.6) 15(16.5) 26(17.9) 0 3(12.0) 12(17.4) 1(4.0) 12(18.2) 14(18.4)
  1. Values are frequencies (percentages)
  2. *most serious injury sustained only
  3. 1 Out of all Cut/Lacerations, 34 were Untreated and 12 were Treated Injuries
  4. 2 Out of all Bruise/Hematomas, 51 were Untreated and 25 were Treated Injuries
  5. 3 Out of all Sprain/Strains, 26 were Untreated and 36 were Treated Injuries
  6. 4 Out of all Other Injuries, 7 were Untreated and 35 were Treated Injuries
  7. +Other also includes responses of "burn" and not reported