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Table 4 Adjusted § odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of parental employment status and health-related living conditions of 6-year-old children in East Germany (1991–2000) for the determinants parental educational level, time and region, by means of logistic regression analysis

From: Changes in social inequality with respect to health-related living conditions of 6-year-old children in East Germany after re-unification

Independent variables Dependent variables – OR (95%CI)
  Mother and father not in paid employment Small living space (per-capita < 20 m2) Damp housing condition Single oven heating at child's home Living at busy road (< 50 m to traffic)
  N = 5406 N = 24079 N = 23778 N = 22660 N = 23662
Parental educational level high (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Parental educational level middle 2.89 (1.13–7.39) 1.34 (1.22–1.47) 1.82 (1.58–2.11) 1.55 (1.41–1.70) 1.15 (1.05–1.26)
Parental educational level low 24.82 (3.90–158.10) 2.22 (1.78–2.76) 4.28 (3.38–5.41) 4.83 (3.83–6.10) 1.57 (1.27–1.94)
Time (parental educational level high) 1.16 (1.04–1.29) 0.85 (0.84–0.86) 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 0.82 (0.80–0.83) 0.98 (0.97–1.00)
Time (parental educational level middle) 1.20 (1.13–1.29) 0.89** (0.88–0.90) 0.95** (0.91–1.00) 0.78** (0.77–0.79) 1.01** (0.99–1.02)
Time (parental educational level low) 1.34 (1.09–1.71) 0.90** (0.87–0.94) 0.92** (0.88–0.96) 0.71** (0.23–0.74) 1.03* (0.90–1.18)
Region rural areaa (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Region urban areab 1.55 (1.25–1.93) 1.43 (1.35–1.51) 1.78 (1.61–1.97) 1.90 (1.78–2.04) 1.35 (1.27–1.43)
  1. § Adjusted for all other factors included in the model and give in the Table.
  2. aRegion rural area: Salzwedel, Gardlegen, Osterburg and Kloetze; burban area: Leipzig, Halle and Magdeburg,
  3. * p-value for interaction term of the regression model: p < 0.05
  4. ** p-value for interaction term of the regression model: p <0.01