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Table 4 Nutritional beliefs about nonvitamin/nonmineral supplements of supplement users and non-users*

From: Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

Belief statement Non-users†
n(%)
1563(83.5)
Users†
n(%)
308(16.5)
Pvalues‡
Improve energy and vitality 2.8 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.8 0.000
Important in maintaining health 2.9 ± 0.8 3.3 ± 0.8 0.000
Provide living longer 2.7 ± 0.8 2.8 ± 0.7 0.000
Help recovery from fatigue 3.0 ± 0.8 3.3 ± 0.7 0.000
Reduce stress 2.8 ± 0.7 3.0 ± 0.8 0.012
Prevent/threat colds/sore throat 3.1 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.7 ns
Prevent mental illnesses 2.7 ± 0.8 2.8 ± 0.8 ns
Improve mental health 2.6 ± 0.8 2.7 ± 0.8 0.016
Reduces risk of chronic illnesses 2.8 ± 0.7 3.0 ± 0.8 0.000
Retard aging 2.7 ± 0.9 2.9 ± 0.8 0.000
Burn fat accumulating in the body 2.9 ± 0.8 2.8 ± 0.8 ns
Promote weight loss more 2.8 ± 0.7 2.9 ± 0.8 ns
Build muscle more 2.9 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 0.7 0.000
Enhance athletic performance 2.9 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 0.8 0.001
Enhance sleep 2.8 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 0.000
Improve sexual function 2.8 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 0.000
Improve circulation 2.9 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.7 0.000
Supplement inadequate diet due to nutrition deficiency 2.9 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.8 0.000
Improve memory 2.8 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 0.001
Promote skin/hair health 2.9 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 0.8 0.000
Gain weight 3.0 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 0.8 0.009
Reduce dangers of cigarette smoking 2.7 ± 0.9 2.8 ± 0.9 ns
  1. *Values are shown as mean ± standard deviation
  2. † A five-point Likert scale was used; disagree very strongly (one point) to agree very strongly (five points)
  3. t test