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Table 2 Reasons cited for using nonvitamin/nonmineral supplements by sex

From: Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

  Men
n(%)
151(49.0)
Women
n(%)
157(51.0)
Total
n(%)
308(100.0)
x2; Pvalues
Improve energy and vitality 128(49.6) 114(50.4) 242(78.6) ns
Promote weight loss 92(42.1) 127(57.9) 219(71.1) 5.59; 0.018
Enhance athletic performance 117(59.1) 81(40.9) 198(64.3) 6.54; 0.011
Retard aging 124(63.6) 71(46.4) 195(63.3) 14.41; 0.000
Burn-up fat 55(35.1) 102(64.9) 157(50.9) 14.07; 0.000
Prevent(threat) colds(sore throat) 41(35.4) 75(64.6) 116(37.6) 9.97; 0.002
Promote skin(hair) health 41(41.8) 57(58.2) 98(31.8) ns
Build muscle 71(74.3) 24(25.7) 95(30.8) 23.25; 0.000
Supplement inadequate diet due to nutrition deficiency 48(53.9) 41(46.1) 89(28.9) ns
Improve memory 33(39.3) 51(60.7) 84(27.3) 3.86; 0.05
Relieve stress (improve mood) 29(37.7) 48(62.3) 77(25.0) 4.67; 0.03
Improve sexual function 55(79.7) 14(20.3) 69(22.4) 24.36; 0.000
Enhance sleep 22(52.4) 20(47.6) 42(13.6) ns
Reduce dangers of cigarette smoking 18(52.9) 16(47.1) 34(11.1) ns
Improve circulation 18(58.1) 13(41.9) 31(10.1) ns
Gain weight 18(62.1) 11(37.9) 29 (9.4) ns
Prevent illnesses such as cancer, osteoporosis, menopause, hypertension, kidney stones 9(42.9) 12(57.1) 21 (6.8) ns
  1. Note: Subjects could list more than one reason for nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage