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Table 3 Distribution of the interviewees who considered a symptom presented to be a main, an additional, or no symptom of schizophrenia (N = 222–225); only the first 5 symptoms are part of the diagnostic criteria of schizophrenia

From: Mental health literacy in an educational elite – an online survey among university students

  Main Sy.1 (%) Additional Sy.2 (%) False Sy.3 (%)
Auditory hallucinations 158 (70.5%) 58 (25.9%) 8 (3.6%)
Feelings or actions experience as made or influenced by external agents4 111 (49.6%) 93 (41.5%) 20 (8.9%)
Delusions 107 (47.8%) 95 (42.4%) 22 (9.8%)
Delusions of control 53 (23.8%) 104 (46.6%) 66 (29.6%)
Hallucinations of taste 42 (18.8%) 110 (49.1%) 72 (32.1%)
Increased prevalence of allergies 2 (0.9%) 33 (14.7%) 189 (84.4%)
Agoraphobia with panic attacks 12 (5.3%) 74 (32.9%) 139 (61.8%)
Recklessly money spending in combination with grandiosity 21 (9.5%) 91 (41.0%) 110 (49.5%)
Both sex have an increased readiness for violence during and outside of illness episodes 17 (7.7%) 127 (57.2%) 78 (35.1%)
Split personality 144 (64.3%) 53 (23.7%) 27 (12.1%)
  1. 1 Main symptoms: respondents who considered the variables to be a main symptom of schizophrenia
  2. 2 Additional symptoms: respondents who considered the variables to be an additional symptom of schizophrenia
  3. 3 False symptoms: respondents who considered the variables not to be a symptom of schizophrenia
  4. 4 The so-called "Gefühl des Gemachten"