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Table 3 Behavioural characteristics by physical activity status and sex

From: Epidemiology of leisure-time physical activity in socio-demographic, lifestyle and psychological characteristics of men and women in Greece: the ATTICA Study

  Physical activity status
Men Sedentary 1 st tertile 2 nd tertile 3 rd tertile P
Current smoking 58% 54% 54% 48%* 0.01
Alcohol intake (ml/d) 280 ± 40 250 ± 55* 190 ± 95** 180 ± 90** 0.001
Diet score (0 – 55) 28 ± 10 32 ± 25* 38 ± 23** 41 ± 22** 0.001
ZDRS (0 – 100) 48 ± 23 41 ± 23 38 ± 16 32 ± 17 < 0.001
Women Sedentary 1 st tertile 2 nd tertile 3 rd tertile  
Current smoking 49% 44% 36%** 29%** 0.041
Alcohol intake (ml/d) 120 ± 40 110 ± 55 90 ± 55* 85 ± 50** 0.001
Diet score (0 – 55) 29 ± 11 36 ± 22* 42 ± 19** 43 ± 21** < 0.001
ZDRS (0 – 100) 52 ± 21 44 ± 13* 39 ± 13** 34 ± 19** 0.001
  1. Variables are expressed as mean value ± SD or relative frequencies.
  2. P-values of the last column derived from stratified ANCOVA tests, after controlling for age and denote the significance of the association between physical activity status and smoking, dietary habits and depression status of the participants.
  3. * P < 0.05 and ** P < 0.01 Bonferronni corrected probability values for the comparisons between physical activity groups and sedentary participants.