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Table 3 Relationship between socio-demographic, lifestyle and health seeking factors to Patient delay. Both unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios are shown (n = 231)

From: Patient and health service delay in pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending a referral hospital: a cross-sectional study

Variable n % Patient delay >2 weeks Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) n* Adjusted odds ratio† (95% CI)
Age 18–40, y 205 30.2 0.98 (0.40–2.40)   NA
Male 132 35.6 1.83 (1.02–3.29)   NA
Hospitalised 59 16.9 0.38 (0.18–0.81) 56 0.32 (0.12–0.80)‡
Marital status separated/single 125 30.4 1.01 (0.58–1.77)   NA
Post primary education Level 92 25.0 0.65 (0.36–1.18)   NA
>1 Household persons 207 28.5 0.47 (0.20–1.11)   NA
Daily Alcohol consumption 38 51.5 2.93 (1.41–6.11) 34 3.70 (1.57–9.76)‡
Subsistence farming 28 46.4 2.22 (1.02–5.00) 26 4.70 (1.67–13.22)‡
Perceived smoking as cause of TB 34 55.9 3.63 (1.72–7.66) 34 5.54 (2.26–13.58)‡
>2 Health seeking encounters per month 76 13.2 0.24 (0.12–0.50) 72 0.15 (0.06–0.36)‡
  1. *Number included in forward stepwise logistic regression method.
  2. †Odds ratios for the variables appearing at the final step of forward stepwise selection.
  3. ‡P < 0.05; CI indicates confidence interval; NA not applicable.