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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and distribution of the various time delays among the participants*

From: Patient and health service delay in pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending a referral hospital: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic   Patients, No. (%)  
Age, mean (SD), y   30.7 (9.4)  
Sex
   Male   132 (57.1)  
   Female   99 (42.9)  
Hospital admission status
   Hospitalised   72 (25.5)  
   Outpatients   159 (74.5)  
Highest education level attained
   None   21 (9.1)  
   Primary school   118 (51.1)  
   Secondary   58 (25.1)  
   Post-secondary   13 (5.6)  
   Tertiary   21 (9.1)  
No. of persons in Household
   (1)   24 (10.4)  
   (>1)   207 (89.6)  
Weekly Alcohol consumption
   Daily   35 (15.2)  
   Sometimes   47 (20.3)  
   Rarely   26 (11.3)  
   Never   123 (53.2)  
Main Occupation
   Subsistence farming   28 (12.1)  
   Unskilled workers   115 (49.8)  
   Skilled workers   56 (24.2)  
   Students   20 (8.7)  
   Unemployed   12 (5.2)  
Medical expenditure on TB related symptoms, US $
   0–29   123 (53.2)  
   >29   108 (46.8)  
Distance from home to treatment centre, km
   <25   197 (85.3)  
   >25   34 (14.7)  
Distribution of the time delays
  Patient delay Health service delay Total delay
Median, wk 1.0 9.0 12.0
Interquartile Range, wk 0.9–4.0 5.3–15.3 8.0–20.0
Delay >2 wk 70 (30.3) 207 (89.6) 231 (100)
Delay >4 wk 40 (14.7) 188 (81.4) 210 (90.9)
  1. *Values are number % unless otherwise indicated