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Table 3 Communication and the characteristics of the participants ≥ 50 years old*

From: Colorectal cancer screening among African American church members: A qualitative and quantitative study of patient-provider communication

  Communication*
  Total** n (%) Good n (%) Fair n (%) Poor n (%) F-test p-value
Sex      
   Male 103(25.9) 71(23.8) 14(28.0) 18 (42.9) F(2, 387) = 3.503
   Female 293(73.8) 227(76.2) 36(72.0) 24 (57.1) p = .031
Education      
   Less than HS 145(36.5) 103(34.6) 21(41.2) 18 (42.9) F(2, 388) = 0.409
   HS/ GED 117(29.5) 91 (30.5) 14(27.5) 9 (21.4) p = .665
   Trade School/ College 135(34.0) 104(34.9) 16(31.4) 15 (35.7)  
Income      
   <$20,000 184(51.0) 132(48.4) 26(57.8) 23 (59.0) F(2, 354) = 1.134
   $20,000–$49,999 128(35.5) 102(37.4) 12(26.7) 13 (33.3) p = .323
   ≥ $50,000 49 (13.6) 39 (14.3) 7 (15.6) 3 (7.7)  
Marital Status      
   Married 213(53.8) 164(55.2) 22(43.1) 24 (57.1) F(2, 387) = 1.350 p=.261
   Divorced/ Widowed/ Separated 162(40.9) 116(39.1) 26 (51.0) 18 (42.9)  
   Never married 21 (5.3) 17 (5.7) 3 (5.9) -----  
Healthcare Facility***      
Doctor's office 325(82.7) 250(85.0) 40(78.4) 29 (69.0) F(2, 384) = 3.605
Clinic/ER/Health Dept. 68 (17.3) 44 (15.0) 11(21.6) 13 (31.0) p = .028
Insurance****      
Medicaid/Medicare 176(44.3) 137(46.0) 19 (37.3) 19 (45.2) F(2, 388) = 0.669 p = .513
No health insurance 21 (5.3) 14 (4.7) 4 (7.8) 3 (7.1) F(2, 388) = 0.566 p = .568
Employer/self-paid 219(55.2) 167(56.0) 29 (56.9) 18 (42.9) F(2, 388) = 1.344 p = .262
  1. *Communication categories: the mean score for each category was calculated from the individual scores (continuous values)
  2. ** Numbers may not reflect the total n = 397 because of participants' refusals or missing data
  3. ***This variable is based on the questionnaire item: Where do you usually go when you need health care?
  4. ****Insurance variables were dichotomized for each category. Totals may exceed 100%, some respondents marked multiple categories (e.g., they had Medicare in addition to self-paid insurance).