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Table 4 Odds ratios for beverage consumption according level of education, adjusted for age, BMI, smoking habits, physical activity and income

From: Educational and economic determinants of food intake in Portuguese adults: a cross-sectional survey

Women Men
  OR IC(95%) P trend   OR IC(95%) P trend
Milk     Milk    
Education     Education    
≤4 years   (reference)   ≤4 years   (reference)  
5-9 years 1.54 1.38-1.70   5-9 years 1.53 1.39-1.68  
10-12 years 2.24 1.95-2.57   10-12 years 3.00 2.62-3.44  
>12 years 2.60 2.24-3.01 <0.001 >12 years 3.07 2.62-3.59 <0.001
Wine     Wine    
Education     Education    
≤4 years   (reference)   ≤4 years   (reference)  
5-9 years 0.79 0.68-0.93   5-9 years 0.73 0.63-0.84  
10-12 years 0.45 0.36-0.55   10-12 years 0.41 0.35-0.49  
>12 years 0.51 0.41-0.62 <0.001 >12 years 0.46 0.38-0.56 <0.001
Beer     Beer    
Education     Education    
≤4 years   (reference)   ≤4 years   (reference)  
5-9 years 0.92 0.72-1.18   5-9 years 0.86 0.77-0.97  
10-12 years 0.76 0.56-1.03   10-12 years 0.61 0.52-0.71  
>12 years 0.82 0.61-1.10 0.097 >12 years 0.57 0.48-0.68 <0.001
Spirits     Spirits    
Education     Education    
≤4 years   (reference)   ≤4 years   (reference)  
5-9 years 0.66 0.27-1.58   5-9 years 0.72 0.60-0.87  
10-12 years 0.15 0.03-0.74   10-12 years 0.46 0.34-0.62  
>12 years 0.13 0.03-0.53 0.002 >12 years 0.27 0.19-0.40 <0.001
Port Wine     Port Wine    
Education     Education    
≤4 years   (reference)   ≤4 years   (reference)  
5-9 years 1.44 1.03-2.01   5-9 years 1.00 0.81-1.24  
10-12 years 1.22 0.80-1.88   10-12 years 0.97 0.73-1.30  
>12 years 1.34 0.90-2.00 0.265 >12 years 1.42 1.07-1.89 0.093