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Table 1 Characteristics of 3279 adult participants, aged 18 years or older, by smoking status

From: Public opinion regarding earmarked cigarette tax in Taiwan

  All adults (n = 3279) Male adults (n = 1636)
Characteristics Never-smokers (n = 2193) Former smokers (n = 215) Current smokers (n = 871) P value * Never-smokers (n = 639) Former smokers (n = 194) Current smokers (n = 803) P value *
Male 29.1 90.2 92.2 <0.0001     
Age         
   18–24 15.0 4.2 11.1 <0.0001 20.8 4.6 10.8 <0.0001
   25–34 25.4 17.7 28.1   25.4 14.4 27.9  
   35–44 27.0 39.5 34.0   25.7 39.7 34.3  
   45–54 18.4 17.2 15.7   16.9 18.6 15.9  
    55 14.3 21.4 11.0   11.3 22.7 11.1  
Education         
   Preliminary or lower 25.0 19.1 18.5 <0.0001 16.6 20.1 18.1 <0.0001
   Junior high school 12.5 16.3 24.6   10.8 17.5 24.5  
   Higher school 30.0 32.1 36.2   28.5 28.9 36.6  
   Undergraduate or graduate 32.5 32.6 20.7   44.1 33.5 20.7  
   Missing 0.0 0.0 0.1   0.0 0.0 0.1  
Living area         
   Northern area 41.7 48.1 43.5 0.4392 39.7 47.2 42.0 0.4063
   Central and eastern area 29.1 25.2 27.8   30.9 26.4 28.3  
   Southern area 29.2 26.6 28.7   29.5 26.4 29.8  
Married 68.8 72.0 66.6 0.2547 58.0 73.2 67.4 <0.0001
Employed 64.8 83.3 81.3 <0.0001 76.2 83.5 83.7 <0.001
Monthly income         
   <NT $10,000 34.2 17.2 18.6 <0.0001 21.7 17.0 16.6 <0.0001
   NT $10,000–19,999 15.2 7.2 8.2   9.7 6.9 8.0  
   NT $20,000–29,999 17.0 13.9 18.0   15.5 13.3 17.4  
   NT $30,000–39,999 13.6 17.7 21.7   18.7 17.0 22.9  
    NT $40,000 20.0 44.0 33.5   34.4 45.7 35.1  
  1. * the P-value of chi-square test