Skip to main content

Table 6 Risk for the presence of hypertension and dyslipidaemia according to the obesity status

From: Overweight and obesity in relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors among medical students in Crete, Greece

  Odds ratios (95% confidence interval)
Men (n = 527)1 BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 WC ≥ 90 cm WHpR ≥ 0.9 WHtR ≥ 50
SBP ≥ 130 mmHg 1.81 (0.64–5.10) 1.24 (0.69–2.23) 1.62 (0.87–3.02) 1.37 (0.77–2.43)
DBP ≥ 85 mmHg 2.73 (1.13–6.59)2 1.38 (0.84–2.27) 1.11 (0.66–1.87) 1.46 (0.90–2.37)
TC ≥ 5.2 mmol/l 2.01 (0.80–5.05) 1.91 (1.18–3.10)3 1.70 (1.01–2.84)2 2.26 (1.40–3.67)4
TG ≥ 1.5 mmol/l 2.62 (0.80–8.64) 1.80 (0.83–3.92) 2.51 (1.11–5.69)2 1.72 (0.78–3.80)
LDL-C ≥ 3.4 mmol/l 1.46 (0.55–6.04) 1.67 (1.04–2.70)2 1.80 (1.09–2.98)2 1.83 (1.14–2.94)2
HDL-C < 0.9 mmol/l 2.39 (0.94–6.04) 1.61 (1.00–2.58)2 2.03 (1.23–3.35)3 1.34 (0.84–2.14)
TC:HDL-C ≥ 4 2.36 (0.86–6.47) 2.16 (1.38–3.39)4 2.78 (1.69–4.57)4 2.09 (1.35–3.26)3
Women (n = 462)1 BMI ≥ 30 kg/m 2 WC ≥ 80 cm WHpR ≥ 0.8 WHtR ≥ 50
SBP ≥ 130 mmHg 2.98 (0.34–26.12) 0.87 (0.17–4.33) 1.16 (0.27–4.98) 0.71 (0.09–6.00)
DBP ≥ 85 mmHg 3.15 (0.89–11.13) 1.77 (0.92–3.41) 1.26 (0.65–2.41) 2.33 (1.09–4.96)2
TC ≥ 5.2 mmol/l 1.34 (0.35–5.16) 1.49 (0.83–2.68) 0.98 (0.56–1.72) 1.53 (0.75–3.12)
TG ≥ 1.5 mmol/l 0.01 (0.00–1.53) 3.80 (0.51–28.13) 3.44 (0.57–20.67) 7.19 (0.95–54.49)
LDL-C ≥ 3.4 mmol/l 2.35 (0.66–8.42) 1.97 (1.12–3.47)2 1.32 (0.77–2.26) 2.60 (1.33–5.07)3
HDL-C < 0.9 mmol/l 2.77 (0.54–14.26) 1.98 (0.91–4.29) 3.33 (1.63–6.79)4 2.83 (1.19–6.73)2
TC:HDL-C ≥ 4 3.67 (0.99–13.67) 4.21 (2.35–7.55)4 3.71 (2.14–6.41)4 5.30 (2.66–10.58)4
  1. 1 Logistic regression models including age, tobacco use, and the year of examination as independent variables. 2 p < 0.05, 3 p < 0.01, 4 p < 0.001