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Table 3 Relationship between obesity indices and CVD risk factor variables in University of Crete medical students

From: Overweight and obesity in relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors among medical students in Crete, Greece

   SBP (mmHg) DBP (mmHg) BG (mmol/l) TC (mmol/l) TG (mmol/l) HDL-C (mmol/l) LDL-C (mmol/l) TC:HDL-C
Obesity index N1 Mean ± S.E.2
BMI (kg/m2)          
   < 20.0 113 112 ± 1.2 75 ± 1.0 4.50 ± 0.06 4.56 ± 0.09 0.70 ± 0.04 1.36 ± 0.04 2.83 ± 0.09 3.56 ± 0.13
   20.0–24.9 560 117 ± 0.5 76 ± 0.4 4.63 ± 0.03 4.57 ± 0.04 0.71 ± 0.02 1.30 ± 0.02 2.87 ± 0.04 3.66 ± 0.05
   25.0–29.9 273 121 ± 0.8 79 ± 0.6 4.67 ± 0.04 4.74 ± 0.06 0.80 ± 0.02 1.24 ± 0.02 3.08 ± 0.06 4.07 ± 0.08
   ≥ 30.0 43 123 ± 1.9 82 ± 1.5 4.77 ± 0.10 4.89 ± 0.15 1.06 ± 0.06 1.25 ± 0.06 3.05 ± 0.15 4.17 ± 0.21
p-value 3 <0.001 <0.001 NS4 <0.001 <0.001 0.010 0.018 <0.001
WC (cm)          
   < 905 – 806 716 116 ± 0.6 76 ± 0.4 4.58 ± 0.03 4.56 ± 0.04 0.69 ± 0.02 1.36 ± 0.02 2.84 ± 0.04 3.54 ± 0.05
   ≥ 90 – 80 273 120 ± 0.9 79 ± 0.6 4.64 ± 0.04 4.74 ± 0.06 0.89 ± 0.03 1.19 ± 0.02 3.05 ± 0.06 4.13 ± 0.08
p-value 7 <0.001 <0.001 NS 0.011 <0.001 <0.001 0.002 <0.001
WHpR (cm/cm)          
   < 0.95 – 0.86 690 117 ± 0.6 77 ± 0.4 4.59 ± 0.03 4.58 ± 0.04 0.69 ± 0.02 1.34 ± 0.02 2.88 ± 0.04 3.61 ± 0.06
   ≥ 0.9 – 0.8 299 119 ± 0.9 78 ± 0.7 4.68 ± 0.04 4.76 ± 0.07 0.88 ± 0.03 1.21 ± 0.03 3.09 ± 0.06 4.21 ± 0.09
p-value 7 NS NS NS 0.019 <0.001 <0.001 0.003 <0.001
WHtR (cm/m)          
   < 50.0 732 117 ± 0.5 76 ± 0.4 4.59 ± 0.03 4.54 ± 0.04 0.69 ± 0.02 1.34 ± 0.01 2.83 ± 0.04 3.57 ± 0.05
   ≥ 50.0 257 129 ± 0.9 79 ± 0.7 4.64 ± 0.04 4.81 ± 0.07 0.88 ± 0.03 1.25 ± 0.02 3.09 ± 0.06 4.12 ± 0.08
p-value 3 0.022 0.001 NS <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.001 <0.001
  1. 1 For BG the sample sizes are: N = 79, N = 408, N = 210, and N = 30 respectively for the BMI categories; N = 527 and N = 200 for the WC categories; N = 508 and N = 219 for the WHpR categories; N = 532 and N = 195 for the WHtR categories. 2 Standard error of the mean. 3 F-statistic from ANCOVA including age, sex, tobacco use, and the year of examination as covariates. 4 Not significant. 5 Male-specific cut-off value. 6 Female-specific cut-off value. 7 F-statistic from ANCOVA including age, tobacco use, and the year of examination as coviariates.