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Table 5 Associations between the demand/control and effort/reward imbalance models (full and partial) and poorself-reported health status and any chronic condition.

From: A comparison between the effort-reward imbalance and demand control models

  Self-reported Health Status Any Chronic condition
Control   
High 1.00 1.00
Low 1.60** (1.12–2.28) 1.09 (0.81–1.45)
Psychological demand   
Low 1.00 1.00
High 1.65** (1.21–2.26) 1.13 (0.86–1.48)
Physical demand   
Low 1.00 1.00
High 1.01 (0.68–1.50) 1.25 (0.86–1.81)
Job Strain   
Low 1.00 1.00
High 2.07* (1.18–3.66) 1.31 (0.77–2.22)
Partial Effort/reward Imbalance Model  
None 1.00** 1.00*
Medium 1.60* (1.06–2.45) 1.12 (0.0.84–1.44)
High 3.13** (1.96–4.85) 1.59** (1.12–2.24)
Full Effort/reward Imbalance Model  
None 1.00** 1.00**
Medium 1.87** (1.26–3.34) 1.22 (0.91–1.85)
High 3.35** (2.10–5.61) 1.70** (1.17–2.37)
  1. Numbers in parentheses are 95% confidence intervals. *p = 0.05–0.01;**p = 0.01–0.0001